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Effect of Chern-Simons dynamics on the energy of electrically charged and spinning vortices

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Navarro Lérida, Francisco and Radu, Eugen and Tchrakian, D. H. (2017) Effect of Chern-Simons dynamics on the energy of electrically charged and spinning vortices. Physical review D, 95 (8). ISSN 2470-0010

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.95.085016


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https://journals.aps.org/Publisher


Abstract

We study the effect of a Chern-Simons term on the electrically charged and spinning solitons of several U(1) gauged models in 2 + 1 dimensions. These are vortices of complex scalar field theories, both with and without symmetry breaking dynamics, and the O(3) Skyrme model. In all cases the gauge decoupling limits are also considered. It is well known that the effect of the Chern-Simons dynamics is to endow vortices with electric charge Q(e) and spin J, but our main aim here is to reveal a new feature: that the massenergy E of the electrically charged vortex can be lower than that of the electrically neutral one, in contrast to the usual monotonic increase of E with Q(e) and J. These effects of Chern-Simons dynamics were observed previously in 3 + 1 dimensional systems, and the present results can be viewed as corroborating the latter. We carry out a detailed quantitative analysis of azimuthally symmetric vortices and describe their qualitative features by constructing the solutions numerically.


Item Type:Article
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© 2017 American Physical Society.
D. H. T. would like to thank for hospitality at the Albert-Einstein-Institut (AEI), Golm, where some of this work was carried out. E. R. acknowledges funding from the FCTIF programme. F. N.-L. acknowledges funding from Complutense University under Project No. PR26/16-20312. This work was also partially supported by the Horizon 2020 Marie Sklodowska-Curie Research And Innovation Staff Exchange (H2020-MSCA-RISE-2015) Grant No. StronGrHEP-690904, and by Center For Research & Development In Mathematics And Applications (CIDMA) Project No. UID/MAT/04106/2013.

Uncontrolled Keywords:O(3) Sigma model; Massive gauge theories; Bogomolnyi solitons; Skyrmions; Term
Subjects:Sciences > Physics > Nuclear physics
ID Code:43844
Deposited On:27 Jul 2017 09:42
Last Modified:10 Dec 2018 14:57

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