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From ‘Employab-ility’ to ‘Entrepreneurial-ity’ in Spain: youth in the spotlight in times of crisis

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Serrano Pascual, Amparo and Martín Martín, Paz (2017) From ‘Employab-ility’ to ‘Entrepreneurial-ity’ in Spain: youth in the spotlight in times of crisis. Journal of Youth Studies, 20 (7). pp. 798-821. ISSN 1367-6261

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Official URL: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/13676261.2016.1273513



Abstract

This paper discusses the processes of individualisation of work and redefinition of the referential category of worker fostered by youth employability schemes in Spain. Employability measures proposed by the recent Spanish Youth Guarantee Implementation Plan and its antithetical youth representations (as a group ‘without qualities’ – the ‘NEETS’– while at the same time as a referential value and cultural model – ‘the young entrepreneur’-) will be analysed. These paradoxes strengthened by employability policies, and further aggravated in the wake of the current economic crisis, do not give rise to political contradictions due to the depolitisation promoted by employability policies: social problems are converted into individual deficits. These processes of psychologisation of work are further discussed on the basis of a recent study on employment counselling and career guidance to help to enhance the employability of jobless people in three Spanish cities, Seville, Madrid and Valencia. These tools are aimed at fostering employability of unemployed people with a high risk of social exclusion and are emblematic concerning the principle of employability (new governance tools, different intervention logics/principles). Some paradoxes concerning employability policies (entrepreneuriality) in the current labour market crisis will be outlined.


Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:NEET, Entrepreneurship, Employment policies, Employability, Youth unemployment
Subjects:Medical sciences > Psychology > Social psychology
Social sciences > Sociology > Social change
Social sciences > Sociology > Social research
ID Code:44224
Deposited On:04 Aug 2017 09:57
Last Modified:19 Dec 2018 12:13

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