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Characterization of Ghrelin O-Acyltransferase (GOAT) in goldfish (Carassius auratus)

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Blanco, Ayelen M. and Gómez Boronat, Miguel and Alonso Gómez, Ángel Luis and Yufa, Roman and Unniappan, Suraj and Delgado Saavedra, María Jesús and Valenciano González, Ana Isabel (2017) Characterization of Ghrelin O-Acyltransferase (GOAT) in goldfish (Carassius auratus). Plos ONE, 12 (2). pp. 1-28. ISSN 1932-6203

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Abstract

Ghrelin is the only known hormone posttranslationally modified with an acylation. This modification is crucial for most of ghrelin’s physiological effects and is catalyzed by the polytopic enzyme ghrelin O-acyltransferase (GOAT). The aim of this study was to characterize GOAT in a teleost model, goldfish (Carassius auratus). First, the full-length cDNA sequence was obtained by RT-PCR and rapid amplification of cDNA ends methods. Two highly homologous cDNAs of 1491 and 1413 bp, respectively, named goat-V1 and goat-V2 were identified. Deduced protein sequences (393 and 367 amino acids, respectively) are predicted to present 11 and 9 transmembrane regions, respectively, and both contain two conserved key residues proposed to be involved in catalysis: asparagine 273 and histidine 304. RT-qPCR revealed that both forms of goat mRNAs show a similar widespread tissue distribution, with the highest expression in the gastrointestinal tract and gonads and less but considerable expression in brain, pituitary, liver and adipose tissue. Immunostaining of intestinal sections showed the presence of GOAT immunoreactive cells in the intestinal mucosa, some of which colocalize with ghrelin. Using an in vitro approach, we observed that acylated ghrelin downregulates GOAT gene and protein levels in cultured intestine in a time-dependent manner. Finally, we found a rhythmic oscillation of goat mRNA expression in the hypothalamus, pituitary and intestinal bulb of goldfish fed at midday, but not at midnight. Together, these findings report novel data characterizing GOAT, and offer new information about the ghrelinergic system in fish.


Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Carassius auratus; Ghrelin O-Acyltransferase (GOAT)
Subjects:Medical sciences > Biology
Medical sciences > Biology > Animal physiology
Medical sciences > Biology > Fishes
ID Code:44376
Deposited On:29 Aug 2017 10:39
Last Modified:02 Feb 2018 09:06

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