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Sex-dependent influence of chronic mild stress (CMS) on voluntary alcohol consumption; study of neurobiological consequences

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Marco López, Eva María and Ballesta, Javier Antonio and Irala, Carlos and Hernández, María Donina and Serrano, María Elisa and Mela Rivas, Virginia and LópezGallardo, Meritxell and Viveros, María Paz (2017) Sex-dependent influence of chronic mild stress (CMS) on voluntary alcohol consumption; study of neurobiological consequences. Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior, 152 . pp. 68-80. ISSN 0091-3057

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Official URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/00913057?sdc=1



Abstract

Alcohol use disorder and depression are highly comorbid, and both conditions exhibit important sexual dimorphisms. Here, we aimed to investigate voluntary alcohol consumption after 6 weeks of chronic mild stress (CMS) in Wistar rats – employed as an animal model of depression. Male and female rats were investigated, and changes in several molecular markers were analysed in frontal cortex (FCx) and hippocampal formation (HF). CMS induced depressive-like responses in the forced swimming test - increased immobility time - in male and female animals, without affecting anhedonia (sucrose preference test) nor motor activity (holeboard); body weight gain and food intake were diminished only among CMS males. Voluntary alcohol consumption was evaluated in a two-bottle choice paradigm (ethanol 20% versus tap water) for 4 consecutive days; females exhibited a higher preference for alcohol compared to male animals. In particular, alcohol consumption was significantly higher among CMS females compared to CMS male animals. Remarkably, similar changes in both male and female animals exposed to CMS were observed regarding the expression levels of NCAM-140 KDa (decrease), GFAP and CB1R expression (increase) within the FCx as well as for HF PSD-95 levels (increase). However, contrasting effects in males and females were reported in relation to synaptophysin (SYN) protein levels within the FCx, HF CB1R expression (a decrease among male animals but an increase in females); while the opposite pattern was observed for NCAM-140 KDa protein levels in the HF. A decrease in CB2R expression was only observed in the HF of CMS-females. The present study suggests that male and female animals might be differentially affected by CMS regarding later voluntary alcohol consumption. In this initial approach, cortical SYN, and NCAM-140 KDa, CB1R and CB2R expression within the HF have arisen as potential candidates to explain such sex differences in behaviour. However, the depression-alcoholism relationship still deserves further investigation.


Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Alcohol Depression; Animal models; Sex differences; Two-bottle choice; Cannabinoid receptors; GFAP; Synaptic plasticity; Frontal cortex; Hippocampus
Subjects:Medical sciences > Biology > Animal physiology
Medical sciences > Biology > Neurosciences
ID Code:44407
Deposited On:31 Aug 2017 10:19
Last Modified:04 Sep 2017 10:54

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