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Polaritonic-to-Plasmonic Transition in Optically Resonant Bismuth Nanospheres for High-Contrast Switchable Ultraviolet Meta-Filters

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Cuadrado Conde, Alexander and Toudert, Johan Aristippe Michael and Serna Galán, Rosalía (2016) Polaritonic-to-Plasmonic Transition in Optically Resonant Bismuth Nanospheres for High-Contrast Switchable Ultraviolet Meta-Filters. IEE Phothonics Journal, 8 (3). p. 4801811. ISSN 1943-0655

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1109/JPHOT.2016.2574777




Abstract

In the quest to unveil alternative plasmonic elements overcoming noble metals for selected applications in photonics, we investigate, by numerical simulations, the near ultraviolet (UV)-to-near infrared optical response of solid and liquid Bi nanospheres embedded in a dielectric matrix. We also determine the resulting transmission contrast upon reversible solid-liquid phase transition to evaluate their potential for switchable optical filtering. The optical response of the solid (liquid) Bi nanospheres is ruled by localized polaritonic (plasmonic) resonances tunable by controlling the diameter. For a selected diameter between 20 and 50 nm, both solid and liquid nanospheres present a dipolar resonance, inducing a strong peak extinction in the near UV, however, at different photon energies. This enables a high transmission contrast at selected near UV photon energies. It is estimated that a 2-D assembly of 30-nm solid Bi nanospheres with a surface coverage of 32% will almost totally render extinct (transmission of 2%) a near UV 3.45-eV (359 nm) light beam, whereas upon phase transition, the resulting liquid Bi nanospheres will show a transmission of 30%. This paper is appealing for the fabrication of locally reconfigurable optical metamaterials for integrated switchable near-UV optics.


Item Type:Article
Additional Information:

Manuscript received April 2, 2016; revised May 19, 2016; Accepted May 27, 2016. Date of publication June 1, 2016; date of current version June 14, 2016.

Uncontrolled Keywords:Bismuth, Plasmon Resonance, Phase Transition, Reconfigurable Metamaterials, Ultraviolet, Optical filters, Solids, Optical switches, Liquids, Nanostructures, Optical resonators, Optical device fabrication
Subjects:Sciences > Physics > Electromagnetism
Sciences > Physics > Optics
Medical sciences > Optics > Optical materials
ID Code:44420
Deposited On:27 Nov 2018 09:08
Last Modified:27 Nov 2018 09:08

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