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Ultracool dwarf benchmarks with Gaia primaries



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Montes Gutiérrez, David and otros, ... (2017) Ultracool dwarf benchmarks with Gaia primaries. Monthly notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 470 (4). pp. 4885-4907. ISSN 0035-8711


Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stx1500


We explore the potential of Gaia for the field of benchmark ultracool/brown dwarf companions, and present the results of an initial search for metal-rich/metal-poor systems. A simulated population of resolved ultracool dwarf companions to Gaia primary stars is generated and assessed. Of the order of similar to 24 000 companions should be identifiable outside of the Galactic plane (vertical bar b vertical bar > 10 deg) with large-scale ground-and space-based surveys including late M, L, T and Y types. Our simulated companion parameter space covers 0.02 <= M/M-circle dot <= 0.1, 0.1 <= age/Gyr <= 14 and -2.5 <= [Fe/H] <= 0.5, with systems required to have a false alarm probability < 10(-4), based on projected separation and expected constraints on common distance, common proper motion and/or common radial velocity. Within this bulk population, we identify smaller target subsets of rarer systems whose collective properties still span the full parameter space of the population, as well as systems containing primary stars that are good age calibrators. Our simulation analysis leads to a series of recommendations for candidate selection and observational follow-up that could identify similar to 500 diverse Gaia benchmarks. As a test of the veracity of our methodology and simulations, our initial search uses UKIRT Infrared Deep Sky Survey and Sloan Digital Sky Survey to select secondaries, with the parameters of primaries taken from Tycho-2, Radial Velocity Experiment, Large sky Area Multi-Object fibre Spectroscopic Telescope and Tycho-Gaia Astrometric Solution. We identify and follow up 13 new benchmarks. These include M8-L2 companions, with metallicity constraints ranging in quality, but robust in the range -0.39 <= [Fe/H] <= + 0.36, and with projected physical separation in the range 0.6 < s/kau < 76. Going forward, Gaia offers a very high yield of benchmark systems, from which diverse subsamples may be able to calibrate a range of foundational ultracool/sub-stellar theory and observation.

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© 2017 The Authors Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society. Artículo firmado por 17 autores. We thank the anonymous referee for comments that have significantly improved the quality of this manuscript. FM, DJP, NJC and HRAJ acknowledge support from the UK's Science and Technology Facilities Council, grant numbers ST/M001008/1, ST/N001818/1 and ST/J001333/1. Partly based on observations made with the Gran Telescopio Canarias (GTC), installed at the Spanish Observatorio del Roque de los Muchachos of the Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, in the island of La Palma. Partly based on observations made with the 4.2 m William Herschel Telescope operated on the island of La Palma by the ING at the Observatorio del Roque de los Muchachos of the Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias. This research has benefitted from the SpeX Prism Spectral Libraries, maintained by Adam Burgasser at http://pono.ucsd.edu/<SUP>~</SUP>adam/browndwarfs/spexprism. This publication makes use of data products from the Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer, which is a joint project of the University of California, Los Angeles, and the Jet Propulsion Laboratory/California Institute of Technology, funded by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. This publication makes use of data products from the Two Micron All-Sky Survey, which is a joint project of the University of Massachusetts and the Infrared Processing and Analysis Center/California Institute of Technology, funded by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration and the National Science Foundation. Guoshoujing Telescope (the Large Sky Area Multi-Object Fibre Spectroscopic Telescope LAMOST) is a National Major Scientific Project built by the Chinese Academy of Sciences. Funding for the project has been provided by the National Development and Reform Commission. LAMOST is operated and managed by the National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences. Funding for SDSS-III has been provided by the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, the Participating Institutions, the National Science Foundation and the US Department of Energy Office of Science. The SDSS-III website is http://www.sdss3.org/. SDSS-III is managed by the Astrophysical Research Consortium for the Participating Institutions of the SDSS-III Collaboration including the University of Arizona, the Brazilian Participation Group, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Carnegie Mellon University, University of Florida, the French Participation Group, the German Participation Group, Harvard University, the Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias, the Michigan State/Notre Dame/JINA Participation Group, Johns Hopkins University, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Max Planck Institute for Astrophysics, Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics, New Mexico State University, New York University, Ohio State University, Pennsylvania State University, University of Portsmouth, Princeton University, the Spanish Participation Group, University of Tokyo, University of Utah, Vanderbilt University, University of Virginia, University of Washington and Yale University.

Uncontrolled Keywords:Low-mass stars; Extrasolar giant planets; Age-metallicity relation; Proper motion survey; Digital sky survey; Very-low mass; Solar neighborhood; Brown dwarfs; Chromospheric activity; Atmospheric properties
Subjects:Sciences > Physics > Astrophysics
Sciences > Physics > Astronomy
ID Code:45058
Deposited On:22 Nov 2017 12:00
Last Modified:10 Dec 2018 15:04

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