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Symptoms associated with reading from a smartphone in conditions of light and dark

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Antona Peñalba, Beatriz and Barrio de Santos, Ana Rosa and Gascó Sánchez, Adriana and Pinar Rincón, Ana and González Pérez, Mariano and Puell Marín, María Cinta (2018) Symptoms associated with reading from a smartphone in conditions of light and dark. Applied Ergonomics, 68 . pp. 12-17. ISSN 0003-6870

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apergo.2017.10.014




Abstract

Asthenopia symptoms were investigated in visually-normal subjects without computer-related vision symptoms after prolonged reading from: smartphone versus hardcopy under photopic conditions, and smartphone in conditions of ambient versus dark room illumination. After reading from the smartphone, total symptom scores and nine out of ten questionnaire symptoms were significantly worse than for the hardcopy (“blurred vision while viewing the text, “blurred distance vision after the task”, “difficulty in refocusing from one distance to another”, “irritated or burning eyes”, “dry eyes”, “eyestrain”, “tired eyes”, “sensitivity to bright lights” and “eye discomfort”). Mean total symptom scores and scores for “irritated or burning eyes” and “dry eyes” were significantly higher for the dark versus photopic conditions. In conclusion, prolonged smartphone reading could cause worse asthenopic symptoms than reading from a hardcopy under similar conditions. Symptoms could be even worse when reading from a smartphone in the dark.


Item Type:Article
Additional Information:

Received 17 October 2016, Revised 3 May 2017, Accepted 20 October 2017, Available online 2 November 2017.

Uncontrolled Keywords:Smartphone; Asthenopia symptom; Reading; Dark environment
Subjects:Sciences > Computer science > Electronics
Medical sciences > Optics > Optometry
Medical sciences > Optics > Physiological optics
ID Code:45533
Deposited On:24 Nov 2017 11:34
Last Modified:22 Jan 2018 14:34

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