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Amine-Functionalized Mesoporous Silica Nanoparticles: A New Nanoantibiotic for Bone Infection Treatment

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Pedraza, Daniel and Díez, Jaime and Izquierdo-Barba, Isabel and Colilla, Montserrat and Vallet Regí, María (2018) Amine-Functionalized Mesoporous Silica Nanoparticles: A New Nanoantibiotic for Bone Infection Treatment. Biomedical Glasses, 4 (1). ISSN 2299-3932

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Official URL: https://www.degruyter.com/




Abstract

This manuscript reports an effective new alternative for the management of bone infection by the 5 development of an antibiotic nanocarrier able to penetrate bacterial biofilm, thus enhancing antimicrobial effectiveness. This nanosystem, also denoted as “nanoantibiotic”, consists in mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) loaded with an antimicrobial agent (levofloxacin, LEVO) 10 and externally functionalized with N-(2-aminoethyl)-3-aminopropyltrimethoxysilane (DAMO) as targeting agent. This amine functionalization provides MSNs of positive charges, which improves the affinity towards the negatively charged bacteria wall and biofilm. Physical and 15 chemical properties of the nanoantibiotic were studied using different characterization techniques, including Xray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), N2 adsorption porosimetry, elemental chemical analysis, dynamic light scattering (DLS), zeta (� )-potential 20 and solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). “In vial” LEVO release profiles and the in vitro antimicrobial effectiveness of the different released doses were investigated. The efficacy of the nanoantibiotic against a S. aureus biofilm was also determined, showing the practically total 25 destruction of the biofilmdue to the high penetration ability of the developed nanosystem. These findings open up promising expectations in the field of bone infection treatment.


Item Type:Article
Additional Information:

RESEARCHER ID M-9921-2014 (Isabel Izquierdo Barba)
ORCID 0000-0002-4139-4646 (Isabel Izquierdo Barba)
RESEARCHER ID N-4628-2014 (Montse Colilla Nieto)
ORCID 0000-0003-1961-4160 (Montse Colilla Nieto)
RESEARCHER ID M-3378-2014 (María Vallet Regí)
ORCID 0000-0002-6104-4889 (María Vallet Regí)

Uncontrolled Keywords:Mesoporous Silica Nanoparticles, Amine30 functionalization, Bacteria and Biofilm targeting, Antimicrobial release, Bone infection treatment
Subjects:Sciences > Chemistry > Materials
Sciences > Chemistry > Chemistry, Inorganic
Medical sciences > Medicine > Pharmacology
ID Code:45943
Deposited On:12 Feb 2018 09:27
Last Modified:13 Feb 2018 09:18

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