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Development of subcutaneous fat in Spanish and Latin American children and adolescents: Reference values for biceps, triceps, subscapular and suprailiac skinfolds

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Marrodan Serrano, Dolores and González-Montero de Espinosa, M. and Herráez, Ángel and Alfaro, Emma L. and Bejarano, Ignacio F. and Carmenate, M. and Lomaglio, Delia Beatriz and López Ejeda, Noemí and Martínez, A. and Mesa Santurino, María Soledad and Méndez Pérez, B. and Meléndez, J. M. and Moreno-Romero, S. and Pacheco, José Luis and Vázquez, V. and Dipierri, José E. (2017) Development of subcutaneous fat in Spanish and Latin American children and adolescents: Reference values for biceps, triceps, subscapular and suprailiac skinfolds. Homo : journal of comparative human biology, 68 (2). pp. 145-155. ISSN 0018-442X, ESSN: 1618-1301

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Official URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0018442X17300112



Abstract

Subcutaneous fat skinfolds represent a reliable assessment instrument of adiposity status. This study provides current percentile references for four subcutaneous skinfolds (biceps, triceps, subscapular, suprailiac) applicable to children and adolescents in Spain and in Latin American countries where data are scarce. The design consisted of a cross-sectional multicenter study performed with identical methods in 5 countries (Argentina, Cuba, Mexico, Spain and Venezuela). Total sample comprised 9163 children and youths (boys 4615 - girls 4548) aged 6–18 years, healthy and without apparent pathologies. Percentiles 3, 5, 10, 25, 50, 75, 90, 95 and 97 were calculated by the LMS method. Sexual dimorphism was assessed using the t-test and age differences with ANOVA. Normalized growth percentile references were obtained according to sex and age for each skinfold. The mean values of four skinfolds were significantly greater in girls than boys (p < 0.001) and, in both sexes, all skinfolds show statistical differences through age (p < 0.001) with different magnitudes. Except triceps in girls, peaks between 11 and 12 years of age are more noticeable in boys than in girls. Although the general model of growth is known, the skinfold measurements show variability among populations and differences of magnitude are presented according to the analyzed population. Therefore, these age and sex-specific reference percentile values for biceps, triceps, subscapular and suprailiac skinfolds, derived from a large sample of Spanish and Latin American children and adolescents, are a useful tool for adiposity diagnosis in this population for which no reference values were available.


Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Subcutaneous fat; Children; Adolescents; Spain; Latin America
Subjects:Medical sciences > Biology > Biological anthropology
ID Code:46017
Deposited On:12 Jan 2018 08:19
Last Modified:10 Dec 2018 15:25

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