Universidad Complutense de Madrid
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Development of subcutaneous fat in Spanish and Latin American children and adolescents: Reference values for biceps, triceps, subscapular and suprailiac skinfolds

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Marrodan Serrano, Dolores y González-Montero de Espinosa, M. y Herráez, Ángel y Alfaro, Emma L. y Bejarano, Ignacio F. y Carmenate, M. y Lomaglio, Delia Beatriz y López Ejeda, Noemí y Martínez, A. y Mesa Santurino, María Soledad y Méndez Pérez, B. y Meléndez, J. M. y Moreno-Romero, S. y Pacheco, José Luis y Vázquez, V. y Dipierri, José E. (2017) Development of subcutaneous fat in Spanish and Latin American children and adolescents: Reference values for biceps, triceps, subscapular and suprailiac skinfolds. Homo : journal of comparative human biology, 68 (2). pp. 145-155. ISSN 0018-442X, ESSN: 1618-1301

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URL Oficial: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0018442X17300112



Resumen

Subcutaneous fat skinfolds represent a reliable assessment instrument of adiposity status. This study provides current percentile references for four subcutaneous skinfolds (biceps, triceps, subscapular, suprailiac) applicable to children and adolescents in Spain and in Latin American countries where data are scarce. The design consisted of a cross-sectional multicenter study performed with identical methods in 5 countries (Argentina, Cuba, Mexico, Spain and Venezuela). Total sample comprised 9163 children and youths (boys 4615 - girls 4548) aged 6–18 years, healthy and without apparent pathologies. Percentiles 3, 5, 10, 25, 50, 75, 90, 95 and 97 were calculated by the LMS method. Sexual dimorphism was assessed using the t-test and age differences with ANOVA. Normalized growth percentile references were obtained according to sex and age for each skinfold. The mean values of four skinfolds were significantly greater in girls than boys (p < 0.001) and, in both sexes, all skinfolds show statistical differences through age (p < 0.001) with different magnitudes. Except triceps in girls, peaks between 11 and 12 years of age are more noticeable in boys than in girls. Although the general model of growth is known, the skinfold measurements show variability among populations and differences of magnitude are presented according to the analyzed population. Therefore, these age and sex-specific reference percentile values for biceps, triceps, subscapular and suprailiac skinfolds, derived from a large sample of Spanish and Latin American children and adolescents, are a useful tool for adiposity diagnosis in this population for which no reference values were available.


Tipo de documento:Artículo
Palabras clave:Subcutaneous fat; Children; Adolescents; Spain; Latin America
Materias:Ciencias Biomédicas > Biología > Antropología biológica
Código ID:46017
Depositado:12 Ene 2018 08:19
Última Modificación:10 Dic 2018 15:25

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