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Very-high-energy gamma-ray observations of the Type Ia Supernova SN 2014J with the MAGIC telescopes



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Antoranz Canales, Pedro and Barrio Uña, Juan Abel and Bonnefoy, Simon Francois Albert and Contreras González, José Luis and Domínguez, A. and Fidalgo, D. and Fonseca González, Mª Victoria and López Moya, Marcos and Miranda Pantoja, José Miguel and Nievas Rosillo, Mireia (2017) Very-high-energy gamma-ray observations of the Type Ia Supernova SN 2014J with the MAGIC telescopes. Astronomy & astrophysics, 602 . ISSN 1432-0746


Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201629574


Context. In this work we present data from observations with the MAGIC telescopes of SN 2014J detected in January 21 2014, the closest Type Ia supernova since Imaging Air Cherenkov Telescopes started to operate.
Aims. We probe the possibility of very-high-energy (VHE; E ≥ 100 GeV) gamma rays produced in the early stages of Type Ia supernova explosions.
Methods. We performed follow-up observations after this supernova explosion for 5 days, between January 27 and February 2 in 2014. We search for gamma-ray signal in the energy range between 100 GeV and several TeV from the location of SN 2014J using data from a total of ∼ 5.5 hours of observations. Prospects for observing gamma-rays of hadronic origin from SN 2014J in the near future are also being addressed.
Results. No significant excess was detected from the direction of SN 2014J. Upper limits at 95% confidence level on the integral flux, assuming a power-law spectrum, dF/dE ∝ E −Γ , with a spectral index of Γ = 2.6, for energies higher than 300 GeV and 700 GeV, are established at 1.3 × 10−12 and 4.1 × 10−13 photons cm−2 s −1 , respectively. Conclusions. For the first time, upper limits on the VHE emission of a Type Ia supernova are established. The energy fraction isotropically emitted into TeV gamma rays during the first ∼ 10 days after the supernova explosion for energies greater than 300 GeV is limited to 10−6 of the total available energy budget (∼ 1051 erg). Within the assumed theoretical scenario, the MAGIC upper limits on the VHE emission suggest that SN 2014J will not be detectable in the future by any current or planned generation of Imaging Atmospheric Cherenkov Telescopes.

Item Type:Article
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© ESO 2017. Artículo firmado por 153 autores. We would like to thank the Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias for the excellent working conditions at the Observatorio del Roque de los Muchachos in La Palma. The financial support of the German BMBF and MPG, the Italian INFN and INAF, the Swiss National Fund SNF, the ERDF under the Spanish MINECO (FPA2015-69818-P, FPA2012-36668, FPA2015- 68278-P, FPA2015-69210-C6-2-R, FPA2015-69210-C6-4-R, FPA2015-69210- C6-6-R, AYA2013-47447-C3-1-P, AYA2015-71042-P, ESP2015-71662-C2-2-P, CSD2009-00064), and the Japanese JSPS and MEXT is gratefully acknowledged. This work was also supported by the Spanish Centro de Excelencia “Severo Ochoa” SEV-2012-0234 and SEV-2015-0548, and Unidad de Excelencia “María de Maeztu” MDM-2014-0369, by grant 268740 of the Academy of Finland, by the Croatian Science Foundation (HrZZ) Project 09/176 and the University of Rijeka Project, by the DFG Collaborative Research Centers SFB823/C4 and SFB876/C3, and by the Polish MNiSzW grant 745/NHESS-MAGIC/2010/0.

Uncontrolled Keywords:Crab-nebula; M82; Constraints; Remnants; Models; Dust; Mass; Evolution; Binaries.
Subjects:Sciences > Physics > Electricity
Sciences > Physics > Electronics
Sciences > Physics > Nuclear physics
ID Code:46122
Deposited On:07 Feb 2018 10:25
Last Modified:10 Dec 2018 14:57

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