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Ocular Surface Disease in Patients under Topical Treatment for Glaucoma

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Pérez Bartolomé, Francisco and Martínez de la Casa, Jose Maria and Arriola Villalobos, Pedro and Fernández Pérez, Cristina and Polo Llorens, Vicente and García Feijoo, Julián (2018) Ocular Surface Disease in Patients under Topical Treatment for Glaucoma. European Journal of Ophthalmology, 27 (6). pp. 694-704. ISSN 1120-6721

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.5301/ejo.5000977




Abstract

Purpose: To examine the relationship between ocular surface disease (OSD) and topical antiglaucoma therapy.
Methods: A total of 211 eyes of 211 patients with open-angle glaucoma or ocular hypertension on topical medication were recruited over 10 months. Controls were 51 eyes of 51 healthy age- and sex-matched volunteers. In each patient, we recorded the intraocular pressure-lowering eyedrops used, the number of medications used, and daily and cumulative preservative concentrations (PC). Main outcome measures were fluorescein corneal staining score (Oxford scale), lower tear meniscus height (LTMH) (spectral-domain optical coherence tomography), noninvasive tear film breakup time (NI-TBUT) (Oculus Keratograph 5M), and OSD symptom questionnaire index (OSDI).
Results: Compared to controls, significantly higher OSDI (median [interquartile range] 10.24 [4.54-18.94] vs 2.5 [0-12.5]; p<0.001) and corneal staining (≥1: 64.93% vs 32.61%; p<0.001) scores were recorded in the medication group. The NI-TBUT and LTMH failed to vary between the groups (p>0.05). A higher daily PC was associated with a lower LTMH (R −0.142; p = 0.043). In the medication group, multivariate analysis identified correlations between benzalkonium chloride (BAK) (odds ratio [OR] 1.56) and BAK plus polyquaternium-containing drops (OR 5.09) or higher OSDI (OR 1.06) and abnormal corneal staining test results and between older age (mean ratio [MR] 1.05), longer treatment duration (MR 1.02), or corneal staining presence (MR 1.22) and a higher OSDI score.
Conclusions: Ocular surface disease was more prevalent in the medication group. The main factors impacting OSD were drops with preservatives, longer treatment duration, and older age.


Item Type:Article
Additional Information:

Article first published online: January 10, 2018
Issue published: November 8, 2017
Accepted: March 30, 2017

Uncontrolled Keywords:Fourier-domain optical coherence tomography, Glaucoma medications, Keratograph 5M, Ocular surface disease
Subjects:Medical sciences > Medicine > Ophtalmology
Medical sciences > Pharmacy > Drugs
ID Code:46256
Deposited On:31 Jan 2018 09:09
Last Modified:31 Jan 2018 09:09

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