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The Influence of Urban Environments on Oxidative Stress Balance: A Case Study on the House Sparrow in the Iberian Peninsula

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Herrera-Dueñas, Amparo and Pineda-Pampliega, Javier and Antonio-García, María T. and Aguirre de Miguel, José Ignacio (2017) The Influence of Urban Environments on Oxidative Stress Balance: A Case Study on the House Sparrow in the Iberian Peninsula. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution (5). pp. 1-10. ISSN (ESSN: 2296-701X

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Official URL: https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fevo.2017.00106/full



Abstract

The House Sparrow is a globally distributed species and is closely associated with anthropised environments. They are well-adapted to urban life; therefore the decline of their populations in Europe represents an unexpected event that demands an investigation into its causes. Causes that have promoted this decline are not well-known, but one of the highlighted hypotheses is an increase of oxidative stress linked to the toxicity of pollution in urban areas. From an ecophysiological perspective, oxidative damage, antioxidant defense, and oxidative balance are considered reliable indicators of environmental stressors such as pollutants. To carry out this study, blood samples were collected from House Sparrows in three different habitats that varied in terms of urbanization degree: urban, suburban, and rural; during the winter and breeding season. According to our results, urban sparrows showed higher levels of oxidative damage and higher activity of antioxidant enzymes, but lower antioxidant capacity in comparison with the rural birds; and these differences especially increase during the breeding season. The maintenance of oxidative balance increases in an urban environment in comparison to a rural one; we suggest that the high level of pollution and the poor quality diet linked to urban environments. The breeding season is expected to be particularly challenging for the oxidative balance of urban birds, when the reallocation of resources between self-maintenance and reproduction may be critical due to the scarcity of antioxidants found in urban areas. This study may contribute to determining the causes of the population decrease of House Sparrows in cities.


Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Urbanization; Biomarker; Pollution; Antioxidant defense; Oxidative damage; Bird
Subjects:Medical sciences > Biology > Birds
Medical sciences > Biology > Animal physiology
ID Code:46380
Deposited On:09 Feb 2018 10:44
Last Modified:10 Dec 2018 15:25

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