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Fungal Ribotoxins

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García Ortega, Lucía and Palacios Ortega, Juan and Martínez del Pozo, Álvaro (2018) Fungal Ribotoxins. ELS . ISSN ISBN: 9780470015902

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Official URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/9780470015902.a0027741/abstract



Abstract

Fungal ribotoxins constitute a family of extracellular ribonucleases with exquisite specificity against rRNA (ribonucleic acid). They induce apoptotic death of cells after inhibiting protein translation. Ribosomes become functionally incompetent because ribotoxins cleave one single phosphodiester bond, located at a unique and universally conserved loop, needed for elongation factors function. As secreted proteins, ribotoxins need to cross the membrane of their target cells in order to exert their catalytic activity, and they do it without receptor mediation. Using lipid model systems, it has been shown that they are able to enter cells with membranes enriched in acidic phospholipids. Both membrane-interacting and ribosomal-recognition activities are characterised by distinct structural features. Even though the natural function of ribotoxins is not known yet, their production by entomopathogenic fungi has suggested their insecticidal role. After decades of detailed study, the biotechnological potential of ribotoxins in pest control and as antitumour agents is becoming evident.


Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:antitumoural;elongation factor;entomopathogen;fungal toxin;immunotoxin;insecticide;ribonuclease;ribosome;ribotoxin;sarcin
Subjects:Sciences > Chemistry > Molecular biology
Sciences > Chemistry > Biochemistry
ID Code:46517
Deposited On:20 Feb 2018 11:55
Last Modified:16 Feb 2019 00:01

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