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Neutral molecular markers support common origin of aluminium tolerance in three congeneric grass species growing in acidic soils

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Contreras, Roberto and Figueiras, Ana M. and Gallego Rodríguez, Francisco Javier and Benavente, Elena and Manzaneda, Antonio J. and Benito Jiménez, César (2017) Neutral molecular markers support common origin of aluminium tolerance in three congeneric grass species growing in acidic soils. AoB PLANTS, 9 . ISSN 2041-2851

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Abstract

Aluminium (Al) toxicity is the main abiotic stress limiting plant productivity in acidic soils that are widely distributed among arable lands. Plant species differ in the level of Al resistance showing intraspecific and interspecific variation in many crop species. However, the origin of Al-tolerance is not well known. Three annual species, difficult to distinguish phenotypically and that were until recently misinterpreted as a single complex species under Brachypodium distachyon, have been recently separated into three distinct species: the diploids B. distachyon (2n = 10) and B. stacei (2n = 20), and B. hybridum (2n = 30), the allotetraploid derived from the two diploid species. The aims of this work were to know the origin of Al-tolerance in acidic soil conditions within these three Brachypodium species and to develop new DNA markers for species discrimination. Two multiplex SSR-PCRs allowed to genotype a group of 94 accessions for 17 pentanucleotide microsatellite (SSRs) loci. The variability for 139 inter-microsatellite (ISSRs) markers was also examined. The genetic relationships obtained using those neutral molecular markers (SSRs and ISSRs) support that all Al-tolerant allotetraploid accessions of B. hybridum have a common origin that is related with both geographic location and acidic soils. The possibility that the adaptation to acidic soils caused the isolation of the tolerant B. hybridum populations from the others is discussed. We finally describe a new, easy, DNA barcoding method based in the upstream-intron 1 region of the ALMT1 gene, a tool that is 100 % effective to distinguish among these three Brachypodium species.


Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Acidic soils; aluminium; Brachypodium distachyon; Brachypodium hybridum; tolerance
Subjects:Medical sciences > Biology
Medical sciences > Biology > Genetics
ID Code:46814
Deposited On:09 Mar 2018 15:29
Last Modified:10 Dec 2018 15:30

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