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The earliest modern humans outside Africa

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Hershkovitz, Israel and Weber, Gerhard W. and Quam, Rolf and Duval, Mathieu and Grün, Rainer and Kinsley, Leslie and Ayalon, Avner and Bar-Matthews, Miryam and Valladas, Helene and Mercier, Norbert and Arsuaga, Juan Luis and Martinón-Torres, María and Bermúdez de Castro, José María and Fornai, Cinzia and Martín-Francés, Laura and Sarig, Rachel and May, Hila and Krenn, Viktoria A. and Slon, Viviane and Rodríguez, Laura and García, Rebeca and Lorenzo, Carlos and Carretero, José Miguel and Frumkin, Amos and Shahack-Gross, Ruth and Bar-Yosef Mayer, Daniella E. and Cui, Yaming and Wu, Xinzhi and Peled, Natan and Groman-Yaroslavski, Iris and Weissbrod, Lior and Yeshurun, Reuven and Tsatskin, Alexander and Zaidner, Yossi and Weinstein-Evron, Mina (2018) The earliest modern humans outside Africa. Science, 359 (6374). pp. 456-459. ISSN 0036-8075

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Official URL: http://science.sciencemag.org/content/359/6374/456


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Abstract

To date, the earliest modern human fossils found outside of Africa are dated to around 90,000 to 120,000 years ago at the Levantine sites of Skhul and Qafzeh. A maxilla and associated dentition recently discovered at Misliya Cave, Israel, was dated to 177,000 to 194,000 years ago, suggesting that members of the Homo sapiens clade left Africa earlier than previously thought. This finding changes our view on modern human dispersal and is consistent with recent genetic studies, which have posited the possibility of an earlier dispersal of Homo sapiens around 220,000 years ago. The Misliya maxilla is associated with full-fledged Levallois technology in the Levant, suggesting that the emergence of this technology is linked to the appearance of Homo sapiens in the region, as has been documented in Africa.


Item Type:Article
Subjects:Sciences > Geology > Paleontology
ID Code:47152
Deposited On:16 Apr 2018 08:33
Last Modified:11 Dec 2018 08:41

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