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Local plant responses to global problems: Dactylis glomerata responsesto different traffic pollutants on roadsides

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Jiménez Escobar, María Dolores and Torre Ceijas, Rocío de la and Mola, Ignacio and Casado González, Miguel Ángel and Balaguer Núñez, Luis (2018) Local plant responses to global problems: Dactylis glomerata responsesto different traffic pollutants on roadsides. Journal of Environmental Management, 212 . pp. 440-449. ISSN 0301-4797, ESSN: 1095-8630

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Official URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0301479717312306



Abstract

The growing number of road vehicles is a major source of regional and global atmospheric pollution increasing concentrations of CO2 in the air, and levels of metals in air and soil. Nevertheless, the effects of these pollutants on plants growing at roadsides are poorly documented. We carried out an observational study of unmanipulated plants growing by the road, to identify the morpho-physiological responses in a perennial grass Dactylis glomerata. Firstly, we wanted to know the general effect of traffic intensity and ambient CO2 and its interactions on different plant traits. Accordingly, we analyzed the photosynthetic response by field A/Ci Response Curves, SLA, pigment pools, foliar nitrogen, carbohydrates and morphological traits in plants at three distances to the road. Secondly, we wanted to know if Dactylis glomerata plants can accumulate metals present on the roadside (Pb, Zn, Cu, and Sr) in their tissues and rhizosphere, and the effect of these metals on morphological traits. The MANCOVA whole model results shown: 1) a significant effect of road ambient CO2 concentration on morphological traits (not affected by traffic intensity, P interaction CO2 x traffic intensity>0.05), that was mainly driven by a significant negative relationship between the inflorescence number and ambient CO2; 2) a positive and significant relationship between ambient CO2 and the starch content in leaves (unaffected by traffic intensity); 3) a reduction in Jmax (electron transport rate) at high traffic intensity. These lines of evidences suggest a decreased photosynthetic capacity due to high traffic intensity and high levels of ambient CO2. In addition, Pb, Cu, Zn and Sr were detected in Dactylis glomerata tissues, and Cu accumulated in roots. Finally, we observed that Dactylis glomerata individuals growing at the roadside under high levels of CO2 and in the presence of metal pollutants, reduced their production of inflorescences.


Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Roadside environment; Photosynthetic parameters; CO2 fertilization hypothesis; Morphological-reproductive plant traits; Metallic pollutants
Subjects:Medical sciences > Biology > Ecology
ID Code:47342
Deposited On:26 Apr 2018 11:56
Last Modified:08 Apr 2019 11:21

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