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Assessment of the Acoustic Impact of Wind Farm Projects: Methodology and Case

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Molina-Ruiz, José and García Lorenzo, María Luz and Martínez Sánchez, Maria José and Gallego, Diego (2018) Assessment of the Acoustic Impact of Wind Farm Projects: Methodology and Case. Journal of Geoscience and Environment Protection, 6 (1). pp. 99-110. ISSN ISSN: 2327-4336, online ISSN: 2327-4344

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Official URL: http://www.scirp.org/journal/PaperInformation.aspx?paperID=82147


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Abstract

Wind energy is a clean renewable and its benefits are considered greater than the disadvantages. However, even though wind farms represent environmentally friendly projects, they frequently generate public resistance. Wind turbines are socially controversial because of their visual and acoustic impacts. The aim of this work was to design a methodology for the preliminary evaluation of potential acoustic impact of wind farms. Three steps have been proposed: identification, characterization and assessment of the acoustic impact during the construction, operation and decommissioning phase. Obtained results in the studied area suggested that at a maximum power, at 500 meters of wind turbines, noise level is lower than the reference level established in the legislation. In summary, proposed methodology could help to determine and to evaluate the best location for new wind farm projects. Proposed methodology could help to determine and to evaluate the best location for new wind farm projects. Moreover, this method could be used as a consulting tool for public organizations and private institutions, being quick, concise and clear. Obtained results for the studied wind farm project suggested that almost all the area showed noise levels lower than established background noise level.


Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Wind Turbine, Environmental Impact Assessment, Acoustic Impact, Wind Farm
Subjects:Sciences > Physics > Electricity
Sciences > Physics > Atmospheric physics
Sciences > Geology > Geodynamics
ID Code:47429
Deposited On:08 May 2018 06:34
Last Modified:08 May 2018 06:34

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