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Collective generation of quantum states of light by entangled atoms

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Porras Torres, Diego and Cirac, J. I. (2008) Collective generation of quantum states of light by entangled atoms. Physical review A, 78 (5). ISSN 1050-2947

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Official URL: http://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.78.053816


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Abstract

We present a theoretical framework to describe the collective emission of light by entangled atomic states. Our theory applies to the low-excitation regime, where most of the atoms are initially in the ground state, and relies on a bosonic description of the atomic excitations. In this way, the problem of light emission by an ensemble of atoms can be solved exactly, including dipole-dipole interactions and multiple light scattering. Explicit expressions for the emitted photonic states are obtained in several situations, such as those of atoms in regular lattices and atomic vapors. We determine the directionality of the photonic beam, the purity of the photonic state, and the renormalization of the emission rates. We also show how to observe collective phenomena with ultracold atoms in optical lattices and how to use these ideas to generate photonic states that are useful in the context of quantum information.


Item Type:Article
Additional Information:

©2008 The American Physical Society.
We acknowledge interesting discussions with M. Lewenstein. Work supported by the EU (SCALA) and the DFG through the excellence cluster Munich Advance Photonics
(MAP).

Uncontrolled Keywords:Electromagnetically induced Transparency; Multiparticle entanglement; Harmonic-oscillators; Linear optics; Trapped ions; Radiation; Emission; Transition; Ensembles; Photon
Subjects:Sciences > Physics
ID Code:47474
Deposited On:18 May 2018 08:29
Last Modified:18 May 2018 08:29

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