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Structural, Mechanical, and Transport Properties of Electron Beam-Irradiated Chitosan Membranes at Different Doses

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Baroudi, Alia and García Payo, María del Carmen and Khayet Souhaimi, Mohamed (2018) Structural, Mechanical, and Transport Properties of Electron Beam-Irradiated Chitosan Membranes at Different Doses. Polymers, 10 (2). ISSN 2073-4360

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/polym10020117


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Abstract

Chitosan powder irradiated by electron beam at different doses, up to 250 kGy, was used to prepare membranes for drug release applications. The irradiation effect on the molecular weight of powder chitosan, the characteristics of the prepared membranes, and their transport of sulfamerazine sodium salt (SULF) were investigated. The effect of the addition of glutaraldehyde (GLA) as a crosslinking agent in the chitosan solution used for the preparation of the membranes was also studied. A decrease in the chitosan molecular weight with the increase in the irradiation dose was observed, while the membranes prepared with the irradiated chitosan at higher dose exhibited lower swelling. However, an opposite behavior was detected when the membranes were prepared with GLA-crosslinked chitosan. A GLA crosslinking agent reduced the crystallinity of the chitosan membranes and the swelling, whereas the water contact angle and SULF transport increased with the increase in the irradiation dose.


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© 2018 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license. The authors would like to thank Grazyna Zakrzewska-Trznadel from the Institute of Chemical Nuclear and Technology in Warsaw (Poland) for her help on the electron beam irradiation of the chitosan powder.

Uncontrolled Keywords:Cross-linked chitosan; Gamma-irradiation; Molecular-weight; Controlled-release; Film properties; Blend films; Degradation; Glutaraldehyde; Hydrogels; Chitin
Subjects:Sciences > Physics > Thermodynamics
ID Code:47673
Deposited On:23 May 2018 08:14
Last Modified:23 May 2018 08:14

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