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Dipole-dipole interaction between a quantum dot and a graphene nanodisk

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Cox, Joel and Singh, Mahi R. and Gumbs, Godfrey and Antón Revilla, Miguel Ángel and Carreño Sánchez, Fernando (2012) Dipole-dipole interaction between a quantum dot and a graphene nanodisk. Physical review B, 86 . p. 125452. ISSN 1098-0121

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.86.125452




Abstract

We study theoretically the dipole-dipole interaction and energy transfer in a hybrid system consisting of a quantum dot and graphene nanodisk embedded in a nonlinear photonic crystal. In our model, a probe laser field is applied to measure the energy transfer between the quantum dot and graphene nanodisk, while a control field manipulates the energy transfer process. These fields create excitons in the quantum dot and surface plasmon polaritons in the graphene nanodisk which interact via the dipole-dipole interaction. Here, the nonlinear photonic crystal acts as a tunable photonic reservoir for the quantum dot, and is used to control the energy transfer. We have found that the spectrum of power absorption in the quantum dot has two peaks due to the creation of two dressed excitons in the presence of the dipole-dipole interaction. The energy transfer rate spectrum of the graphene nanodisk also has two peaks due to the absorption of these two dressed excitons. Additionally, energy transfer between the quantum dot and the graphene nanodisk can be switched on and off by applying a pump laser to the photonic crystal or by adjusting the strength of the dipole-dipole interaction. We show that the intensity and frequencies of the peaks in the energy transfer rate spectra can be modified by changing the number of graphene monolayers in the nanodisk or the separation between the quantum dot and graphene. Our results agree with existing experiments on a qualitative basis. The principle of our system can be employed to fabricate nanobiosensors, optical nanoswitches, and energy transfer devices.


Item Type:Article
Additional Information:

Received 4 June 2012; revised manuscript received 3 August 2012; published 28 September 2012

Uncontrolled Keywords:Mesoscale Physics; Nanoscale physics; Dipole-dipole interaction; Quantum dot; Optical properties
Subjects:Sciences > Physics > Particles
Medical sciences > Optics > Physical optics
ID Code:47753
Deposited On:28 May 2018 08:49
Last Modified:28 May 2018 14:16

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