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Quantifying the erosional impact of a continental-scale drainage capture in the Duero Basin, northwest Iberia

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Antón López, Loreto and Muñoz Martín, Alfonso and De Vicente Muñoz, Gerardo (2018) Quantifying the erosional impact of a continental-scale drainage capture in the Duero Basin, northwest Iberia. Quaternary Research . pp. 1-15. ISSN 1096-0287

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Abstract

Formerly closed drainage basins provide exceptional settings for quantifying fluvial incision and landscape dissection at different time scales. Endorheic basins trap all the sediment eroded within the watershed, which allows estimates of post–basin opening erosion patterns. The Duero Basin was a former closed basin and is presently drained by the Duero River into the Atlantic Ocean. During the Cenozoic, the basin experienced a long endorheic period, marked by the formation of continental carbonates and evaporites. The retrogressive erosion of the Atlantic drainage coming from the Portuguese coast subsequently captured the internal drainage, and significant fluvial dissection occurred. Presently, the basin contains a relatively well-preserved sedimentary fill. Gridding and surface fitting in this paper provide the first attempt to reconstruct the surface of the top of the former endorheic sedimentary sequence to quantify the erosional impact of the basin opening. At least 2251±524 km3 of sediment was removed from the formerly closed basin following the start of exorheism. This volume represents a mean basin-surface lowering of 65±13 m. Erosion estimates and landscape dissection patterns are consistent with geologic evidence of progressive establishment of an outward drainage system.


Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Closed basin; Endorheic; Exorheism; Paleosurface reconstruction; Erosional patterns; Denudation; Relict topography
Subjects:Sciences > Geology
Sciences > Geology > Geodynamics
Sciences > Geology > Hidrology
ID Code:47756
Deposited On:31 May 2018 06:30
Last Modified:31 May 2018 11:39

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