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Quantifying the erosional impact of a continental-scale drainage capture in the Duero Basin, northwest Iberia



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Antón López, Loreto y Muñoz Martín, Alfonso y De Vicente Muñoz, Gerardo (2018) Quantifying the erosional impact of a continental-scale drainage capture in the Duero Basin, northwest Iberia. Quaternary Research . pp. 1-15. ISSN 1096-0287

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URL Oficial: https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/quaternary-research


Formerly closed drainage basins provide exceptional settings for quantifying fluvial incision and landscape dissection at different time scales. Endorheic basins trap all the sediment eroded within the watershed, which allows estimates of post–basin opening erosion patterns. The Duero Basin was a former closed basin and is presently drained by the Duero River into the Atlantic Ocean. During the Cenozoic, the basin experienced a long endorheic period, marked by the formation of continental carbonates and evaporites. The retrogressive erosion of the Atlantic drainage coming from the Portuguese coast subsequently captured the internal drainage, and significant fluvial dissection occurred. Presently, the basin contains a relatively well-preserved sedimentary fill. Gridding and surface fitting in this paper provide the first attempt to reconstruct the surface of the top of the former endorheic sedimentary sequence to quantify the erosional impact of the basin opening. At least 2251±524 km3 of sediment was removed from the formerly closed basin following the start of exorheism. This volume represents a mean basin-surface lowering of 65±13 m. Erosion estimates and landscape dissection patterns are consistent with geologic evidence of progressive establishment of an outward drainage system.

Tipo de documento:Artículo
Palabras clave:Closed basin; Endorheic; Exorheism; Paleosurface reconstruction; Erosional patterns; Denudation; Relict topography
Materias:Ciencias > Geología
Ciencias > Geología > Geodinámica
Ciencias > Geología > Hidrología
Código ID:47756
Depositado:31 May 2018 06:30
Última Modificación:31 May 2018 11:39

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