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Neanderthals from El Salt (Alcoy, Spain) in the context of the latest Middle Palaeolithic populations from the southeast of the Iberian Peninsula

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Garralda Benajes, María Dolores and Galván, Bertila and Hernández, Cristo M: and Mallol, Carolina and Gómez, José A. and Maureille, Bruno (2014) Neanderthals from El Salt (Alcoy, Spain) in the context of the latest Middle Palaeolithic populations from the southeast of the Iberian Peninsula. Journal of Human Evolution, 75 . pp. 1-15. ISSN 0047-2484, ESSN: 1095-8606

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Official URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0047248414001043



Abstract

We present a bioanthropological study of dental remains recovered from El Salt Middle Palaeolithic site (Alcoy, Alicante, Spain). The dental remains were found in a sedimentary layer representing a calm depositional environment within a freshwater spring system. The corresponding archaeological context comprises a Middle Palaeolithic faunal and lithic assemblage that represents the last documented evidence of human occupation at the site, dating to between 47.2 4.4 and 45.2 3.4 ka (thousands of years ago). This evidence is overlain by an archaeologically sterile deposit dated to 44.7 3.2 ka. Results show that the teeth belong to a single juvenile or young adult individual with morphological and metric features falling within the Neanderthal range of variability, although the considered traits are not taxonomically highly discriminant. The reported fossils are representative of the latest Middle Palaeolithic groups in the region and may be considered in the ongoing debate on the disappearance of Neanderthals and the end of the Middle Palaeolithic.


Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Pleistocene; Taurodontism; Anatomically modern humans; Teeth; Western Europe
Subjects:Medical sciences > Biology > Biological anthropology
ID Code:47803
Deposited On:30 May 2018 07:28
Last Modified:10 Dec 2018 15:25

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