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Probing the Diffuse Optical-IR Background with TeV Blazars Detected with the MAGIC Telescopes

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Prandini, Elisa and Domínguez Díaz, Alberto and Ramazani, Vandad Fallah and Hassan, Tarek and Mazin, Daniel and Moralejo, Abelardo and Nievas Rosillo, Mireia and Vanzo, Gaia and Vazquez Acosta, Monica (2017) Probing the Diffuse Optical-IR Background with TeV Blazars Detected with the MAGIC Telescopes. Frontiers in astronomy and space sciences, 4 . ISSN 2296-987X

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fspas.2017.00050


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Abstract

Blazars are radio loud quasars whose jet points toward the observer. The observed emission is mostly non-thermal, dominated by the jet emission, and in some cases extends up to the very high energy gamma rays (VHE; E > 100 GeV). To date, more than 60 blazars have been detected at VHE mainly with ground-based imaging atmospheric Cherenkov telescopes (IACTs) such as MAGIC, H.E.S.S., and VERITAS. Energetic photons from a blazar may interact with the diffuse optical and IR background (the extragalactic background light, EBL) leaving an imprint on the blazar energy spectrum. This effect can be used to constrain the EBL, with basic assumptions on the intrinsic energy spectrum. Current generation of IACTs is providing valuable measurements of the EBL density and energy spectrumfromoptical to infrared frequencies. In this contribution, we present the latest results obtained with the data taken with the MAGIC telescopes: using 32 spectra from 12 blazars, the scale factor of the optical density predicted by the EBL model from Dominguez et al. (2011) is constrained to be 0.95 (+0.11, -0.12)_(stat) (+0.16, -0.07)_(sys), where a value of 1 means the perfect match with the model.


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© Frontiers Media SA
We would like to thank the Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias for the excellent working conditions at the Observatorio del Roque de los Muchachos in La Palma. The financial support of the German BMBF and MPG, the Italian INFN and INAF, the Swiss National Fund SNF, the ERDF under the Spanish MINECO (FPA2015-69818-P, FPA2012-36668, FPA2015- 68378-P, FPA2015-69210-C6-2-R, FPA2015-69210-C6-4-R, FPA2015-69210-C6-6-R, AYA2015-71042-P, AYA2016-76012- C3-1-P, SP2015-71662-C2-2-P, CSD2009-00064), and the Japanese JSPS and MEXT is gratefully acknowledged. This work was also supported by the Spanish Centro de Excelencia “Severo Ochoa” SEV-2012-0234 and SEV-2015-0548, and Unidad de Excelencia “María de Maeztu” MDM-2014-0369, by the Croatian Science Foundation (HrZZ) Project 09/176 and the University of Rijeka Project 13.12.1.3.02, by the DFG Collaborative Research Centers SFB823/C4 and SFB876/C3, the Polish National Research Centre grant UMO-2016/22/M/ST9/00382 and by the Brazilian MCTIC, CNPq, and FAPERJ.

Uncontrolled Keywords:Gamma-ray spectra; Major upgrade; Light
Subjects:Sciences > Physics > Nuclear physics
ID Code:47856
Deposited On:11 Jul 2018 10:57
Last Modified:10 Dec 2018 14:57

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