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Use of magnets for reversible restoration in sculpture. The case of the "Virgen de los Desamparados" in Valencia (Spain)

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Azahara Rodríguez, M. and Ruiz Gómez, Sandra and Pérez García, Lucas and Mas Barberà, Xavier (2018) Use of magnets for reversible restoration in sculpture. The case of the "Virgen de los Desamparados" in Valencia (Spain). Journal of cultural heritage, 31 . pp. 215-219. ISSN 1296-2074

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.culher.2018.01.005


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Abstract

In this paper, we present the use of a magnetic system for restoring a real piece of art: the Virgen de los Desamparados sculpture (1954) by the Valencian sculptor Silvestre d'Edeta (Valencia, Spain). This sculpture is made of artificial stone reinforced with iron rods in the matrix and, before the intervention, showed a high degree of degradation due to various physical, chemical and biological processes causing internal strain, cracks and fragmentation. Several non-destructive imaging techniques (photography, photogrammetry, digital radiography and 3D virtual reconstruction) have been used to study the original status of the artwork. The materials to produce the prosthesis to restore the sculpture, and the procedure to attach them with magnets and various adhesives, have been addressed in this study. Different theoretical models and simulations have been developed to help the restorer to select the most appropriate magnets and their optimal position. The restoration returns legibility to the piece by restoring the missing head-hair-crown section.


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© 2018 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

Uncontrolled Keywords:Stone; Rods
Subjects:Sciences > Physics > Materials
Sciences > Physics > Solid state physics
ID Code:48101
Deposited On:19 Jun 2018 14:23
Last Modified:01 Jun 2019 23:01

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