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Influence of Preoperative Astigmatism Type and Magnitude on the Effectiveness of SMILE Correction

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Pérez Izquierdo, Ricardo y Rodríguez Vallejo, Manuel y Matamoros, Alicia y Martínez, Javier y Garzón Jiménez, Nuria y Poyales Galán, Francisco y Fernández, Joaquín (2019) Influence of Preoperative Astigmatism Type and Magnitude on the Effectiveness of SMILE Correction. Journal of Refractive Surgery . ISSN 1081-597X (En prensa)

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URL Oficial: http://dx.doi.org/10.3928/1081597X-20181127-01




Resumen

PURPOSE: To assess the effectiveness of small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) as a function of the astigmatism level and type.
METHODS: A total of 102 right eyes were included in this study. Refractive astigmatism and corneal astigmatism measured with Scheimpflug technology were retrieved from the preoperative visit and the 3-month follow-up visit. Patients were split into three groups according to the preoperative refractive astigmatism (0.50, 0.75 to 1.25, and 1.50 diopters [D] or greater) and the effectiveness among each group was evaluated according to the with-the-rule (WTR), against-the-rule (ATR), and oblique classifications. The standard Alpins method was used for the analysis.
RESULTS: Resultant astigmatism was not associated with its preoperative classification when the total sample was considered, but a significant association emerged between the presence of resultant astigmatism and its preoperative classification in the 1.50 D or greater group. The magnitude of error was significantly lower in the WTR (median: -0.30 D) than in the oblique and ATR astigmatism groups, resulting in a coefficient of adjustment of 1.13 for WTR astigmatism of 1.50 D or greater but not for the other types.
CONCLUSIONS: Astigmatism correction with SMILE is predictable for astigmatism lower than 1.50 D without the need to apply a correction. However, higher undercorrection is present in WTR astigmatism of 1.50 D or greater.


Tipo de documento:Artículo
Información Adicional:

Submitted: April 18, 2018; Accepted: November 26, 2018

Palabras clave:Astigmatism; SMILE correction, Preoperative astigmatism, astigmatism correction
Materias:Ciencias Biomédicas > Medicina > Cirugía
Ciencias Biomédicas > Medicina > Oftalmología
Ciencias Biomédicas > Óptica y optometría > Optometría
Ciencias Biomédicas > Óptica y optometría > Anatomía ocular
Código ID:50582
Depositado:11 Ene 2019 09:47
Última Modificación:11 Ene 2019 09:47

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