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Effects of climate change on the health of citizens modelling urban weather and air pollution

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San José, Roberto and Luis Pérez, Juan and Pérez, Libia and González Barras, Rosa María (2018) Effects of climate change on the health of citizens modelling urban weather and air pollution. Energy, 165 (A). pp. 53-62. ISSN 0360-5442

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2018.09.088


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Abstract

A dynamical downscaling tool has been implemented to understand the impacts of global climate on citizens health. We have used the WRF-Chem mesoscale model (NOAA, USA) to produce information covering Europe with 25 km of spatial resolution and two nested domains with 5 km and 1 km of spatial resolution over London. Finally, detailed simulations are carried out using the MICROSYS-CFD model to take into account the effects of urban buildings on the urban atmosphere in the Kensington and Chelsea area. The tool produces very high spatial air quality and meteorological data (50 m) and also temporal resolution (1 h) to estimate health impacts in the short term, using exposure-response functions extracted from epidemiological studies. The comparison shows an acceptable agreement of the modelled data with the measurements. The effects on the health of citizens by temperature change in the future are more important than by changes in atmospheric pollutant concentrations. The maps show how the effects depend on the city's geometry and how the tool can highlight the most vulnerable areas to help to design plans and implement strategic measures to mitigate the effects of global climate change on people's health. (C) 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


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© 2018 Pergamon-Elsevier
The UPM authors acknowledge the computer resources and technical assistance provided by the Centro de Supercomputacion y Visualizacion de Madrid (CeSViMa). The UPM authors thankfully acknowledge the computer resources, technical expertise and assistance provided by the Red Espanola de Supercomputacion). We acknowledge the DECUMANUS EU project from EU Space Call FP7-SPACE-2013-1 at SPA.20131.1-06. Ordnance Survey data for London: (C) Crown copyright and database rights 2015 OS 100021668.

Uncontrolled Keywords:Health; Climate; Downscaling; Impact; Urban
Subjects:Sciences > Physics > Geophysics
Sciences > Physics > Meteorology
ID Code:50655
Deposited On:11 Jan 2019 16:44
Last Modified:14 Jan 2019 08:32

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