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Syn-tectonic sedimentary evolution of the continental late Palaeozoic-early Mesozoic Erill Castell-Estac Basin



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Lloret, Joan and Ronchi, Ausonio and López Gómez, José and Gretter, Nicola and Horra, Raúl de la and Barrenechea, José F. and Arche, Alfredo (2018) Syn-tectonic sedimentary evolution of the continental late Palaeozoic-early Mesozoic Erill Castell-Estac Basin. Sedimentary Geology, 374 . pp. 134-157. ISSN 0037-0738

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Official URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0037073818301891



The break-up of Pangea remains one of the most interesting moments in the Earth's history. In the Pyrenees this geological moment is represented by continental successions, giving rise to a magnificent example of the creation of new basins and their sedimentary fill. In this work we present a study based on stratigraphy, sedimentology and synsedimentary tectonics data; on this basis, we define for the first time the different tectono-stratigraphic phases that occurred in the evolution of the incipient continental basin of the Erill Castell-Estac Basin (Southern Pyrenees, NE Spain). Traditionally, four lithostratigraphic units have been defined in the area and grouped into tectono-stratigraphic units, but we propose three sedimentary cycles characterized by fining upward trends and separated by angular unconformities. The first sedimentary cycle (late Carboniferous-early Permian) is strongly related to intense volcanic activity and is characterized by isolated sub-basins. In the upper part of this cycle, fluvial and lacustrine deposits were deposited in a volcanic and transtensive tectonic context. In the second sedimentary cycle (early-middle Permian), the connection between the sub-basins started in a transtensive tectonic context. The main deposits in this cycle are lacustrine and fluvial, relative to playa-lake environments with a minor volcanic influence. Finally, the third sedimentary cycle (Early-Middle Triassic) is represented by meandering fluvial deposits with scarce lacustrine environments and no volcanic influence. The syn-depositional tectonic context is extensional, at the top of this last cycle the first Mesozoic marine incursions are preserved. Detailed description of the evolution of the Erill Castell-Estac Basin provides a new example of the sedimentary filling of strike-slip basins and is a key point to further considerations of the still unknown role of the Carboniferous to Triassic Pyrenean basins in Pangea break-up.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Permian-Triassic, Depositional system, Continental rift-basin, Pyrenees
Subjects:Sciences > Geology > Geodynamics
Sciences > Geology > Stratigraphic geology
Sciences > Geology > Petrology
ID Code:51019
Deposited On:01 Feb 2019 18:39
Last Modified:01 Feb 2019 19:21

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