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Nucleation and growth kinetics of RaxBa1-xSO4 solid solution in NaCl aqueous solutions

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Rosenberg, Yoav O. and Sadeh, Yonatan and Metz, Volker and Pina Martínez, Carlos Manuel and Ganor, Jiwchar (2014) Nucleation and growth kinetics of RaxBa1-xSO4 solid solution in NaCl aqueous solutions. Geochimica et cosmochica acta, 125 . pp. 290-307. ISSN 0016-7037

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Official URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0016703713005504



Abstract

Co-precipitation of Ra and Ba in barite (i.e., the formation of a RaxBa1-xSO4 solid solution) has long been established as an important process that has the potential to control Ra concentration. This process is commonly described by a distribution model. Ample studies have shown that the key parameter of this model, the partition coefficient, varies in the range of 1–2 as a function of temperature, salinity and precipitation kinetics of the RaxBa1-xSO4 solid solution. This roughly twofold change in the partition coefficient may lead to large differences in the concentration of dissolved Ra. The present study systematically investigated the co-precipitation kinetics of the RaxBa1-xSO4 solid solution from aqueous solutions up to 5.9 mol kg-1 H2O NaCl, circum-neutral pH and at ambient temperature. Laboratory batch experiments designed to follow the nucleation of the RaxBa1-xSO4 solid solution and the co-precipitation kinetics of Ba and Ra from aqueous solutions which were initially supersaturated with respect to barite (degree of supersaturation, ßbarite = 20 ± 2). The following empirical law describes the dependence of the activity-based partition coefficient, K¨D,barite, on the degree of supersaturation, ßbarite: = 20 ± 2).

K¨D,barite =(199 ± 0,05) - (0,58 ± 0,06)log(ßbarite).

This empirical law is in good agreement with other literature data. The outcomes of the empirical law are compared to the prediction of a model for the nucleation of two-dimensional islands.


Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Nucleation, NaCl
Subjects:Sciences > Geology > Crystallography
ID Code:51279
Deposited On:18 Feb 2019 12:59
Last Modified:18 Feb 2019 14:55

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