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Evaluating the Role of Introductory Lessons in Outdoor Environmental Activities



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Plaza, S. and Rabanal, J. M. and Delgado Sáez, Juan Antonio (2012) Evaluating the Role of Introductory Lessons in Outdoor Environmental Activities. Journal of Environmental Protection and Ecology, 13 (3A). pp. 2020-2025. ISSN 1311-5065


Official URL: http://www.jepe-journal.info/journal-content/vol13-no-3a


We assessed the independent impacts both of an introductory in-class lesson and an outdoor lesson on test scores in a group of Spanish schoolchildren. Our main aim was to assess whether either type of lesson interacted or whether their effects were additive. We tested total of 139 grade 4 students (age 9–10) from 4 Spanish primary schools using a factorial design, taking into account school and student gender. The outdoor experience consisted of a talk on the main species of flora and fauna (birds and mammals) during a walk through the forest and also included a set of rules for good conduct. The introductory lessons at the schools consisted of a talk on the same topics with the aid of pictures. Following the lessons, selected students filled in a questionnaire which we used to evaluate increased knowledge. The results showed that outdoor activity, training lesson and school had a strong influence on total score. However, we have not found a synergic effect between the training lesson and the outdoor activity. Thus, it was concluded that a previous in-class lesson increased students knowledge and, although it was not obligatory to obtain the benefits of the outdoor activity, it might be useful with regard to linking in-class and outdoor environments.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:outdoor education, flora, fauna, nature conservation
Subjects:Medical sciences > Biology > Ecology
ID Code:55917
Deposited On:20 Jun 2019 18:01
Last Modified:20 Jun 2019 18:01

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