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Oxidative-Inflammatory Stress in Immune Cells from Adult Mice with Premature Aging

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Garrido Tarrio, Antonio and Cruces, Julia and Ceprián, Noemí and Vara Ameigeiras, Elena and Fuente del Rey, Mónica de la (2019) Oxidative-Inflammatory Stress in Immune Cells from Adult Mice with Premature Aging. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 20 (3). pp. 1-23. ISSN 1422-0067

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Official URL: https://www.mdpi.com/1422-0067/20/3/769



Abstract

Oxidative and inflammatory stresses are closely related processes, which contribute to age-associated impairments that affect the regulatory systems such as the immune system and its immunosenescence. Therefore, the aim of this work was to confirm whether an oxidative/inflammatory stress occurs in immune cells from adult mice with premature aging, similar to that shown in leukocytes from chronologically old animals, and if this results in immunosenescence. Several oxidants/antioxidants and inflammatory/anti-inflammatory cytokines were analyzed in peritoneal leukocytes from adult female CD1 mice in two models of premature aging—(a) prematurely aging mice (PAM) and (b) mice with the deletion of a single allele (hemi-zygotic: HZ) of the tyrosine hydroxylase (th) gene (TH-HZ), together with cells from chronologically old animals. Several immune function parameters were also studied in peritoneal phagocytes and lymphocytes. The same oxidants and antioxidants were also analyzed in spleen and thymus leukocytes. The results showed that the immune cells of PAM and TH-HZ mice presented lower values of antioxidant defenses and higher values of oxidants/pro-inflammatory cytokines than cells from corresponding controls, and similar to those in cells from old animals. Moreover, premature immunosenescence in peritoneal leukocytes from both PAM and TH-HZ mice was also observed. In conclusion, adult PAM and TH-HZ mice showed oxidative stress in their immune cells, which would explain their immunosenescence.

Resumen (otros idiomas)

El estrés oxidativo (mayor presencia de oxidantes que de defensas antioxidantes) e inflamatorio (predominio de compuestos inflamatorios frente a los anti-inflamatorios), están en la base del envejecimiento. Se ha comprobado que en células inmunitarias de diferentes localizaciones (peritoneo, bazo y timo) de dos modelos de ratones adultos que ya habíamos descrito presentan envejecimiento prematuro (uno natural y otro genético), aparece un estado redox e inflamatorio similar al de los respectivos ratones controles cuando son cronológicamente viejos. Este estrés oxidativo e inflamatorio prematuro podría explicar la menor esperanza de vida que muestran esos animales.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Premature aging, oxi-inflamm-aging, immunosenescence, leukocytes, PAM, TH-HZ mice
Subjects:Medical sciences > Biology > Cytology
Medical sciences > Biology > Genetics
ID Code:57025
Deposited On:18 Sep 2019 17:27
Last Modified:24 Sep 2019 10:49

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