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Matrix biorthogonal polynomials on the real line: Geronimus transformations

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Ariznabarreta, Gerardo and García Ardila, Juan and Mañas Baena, Manuel and Marcellan, Francisco (2019) Matrix biorthogonal polynomials on the real line: Geronimus transformations. Bulletin of mathematical sciences, 9 (2). ISSN 1664-3607

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1142/S1664360719500073




Abstract

In this paper, Geronimus transformations for matrix orthogonal polynomials in the real line are studied. The orthogonality is understood in a broad sense, and is given in terms of a nondegenerate continuous sesquilinear form, which in turn is determined by a quasi-definite matrix of bivariate generalized functions with a well-defined support. The discussion of the orthogonality for such a sesquilinear form includes, among others, matrix Hankel cases with linear functionals, general matrix Sobolev orthogonality and discrete orthogonal polynomials with an infinite support. The results are mainly concerned with the derivation of Christoffel-type formulas, which allow to express the perturbed matrix biorthogonal polynomials and its norms in terms of the original ones. The basic tool is the Gauss-Borel factorization of the Gram matrix, and particular attention is paid to the non-associative character, in general, of the product of semi-infinite matrices. The Geronimus transformation in which a right multiplication by the inverse of a matrix polynomial and an addition of adequate masses are performed, is considered. The resolvent matrix and connection formulas are given. Two different methods are developed. A spectral one, based on the spectral properties of the perturbing polynomial, and constructed in terms of the second kind functions. This approach requires the perturbing matrix polynomial to have a nonsingular leading term. Then, using spectral techniques and spectral jets, Christoffel-Geronimus formulas for the transformed polynomials and norms are presented. For this type of transformations, the paper also proposes an alternative method, which does not require of spectral techniques, that is valid also for singular leading coefficients. When the leading term is nonsingular, a comparison of between both methods is presented. The nonspectral method is applied to unimodular Christoffel perturbations, and a simple example for a degree one massless Geronimus perturbation is given.


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© 2019 World Scientific Publishing Co Pte Ltd.
G. Ariznabarreta and M. Manas thank financial support from the Spanish "Ministerio de Economia y Competitividad" research project [MTM2015-65888-C4-3-P], Ortogonalidad, teoria de la aproximacion y aplicaciones en fisica matematica.; G. Ariznabarreta thank financial support from the Universidad Complutense de Madrid Program "Ayudas para Becas y Contratos Complutenses Predoctorales en Espana 2011".; J. C. Garcia-Ardila and F. Marcellan thank financial support from the Spanish "Ministerio de Economia y Competitividad" research project [MTM2015-65888-C4-2-P], Ortogonalidad, teoria de la aproximacion y aplicaciones en fisica matematica.

Uncontrolled Keywords:Valued orthogonal polynomials; Quasideterminant solutions; Darboux transformations; Determinants; Equations.
Subjects:Sciences > Physics > Physics-Mathematical models
Sciences > Physics > Mathematical physics
ID Code:57186
Deposited On:04 Oct 2019 15:20
Last Modified:07 Oct 2019 07:26

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