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Firm heterogeneity and the accessibility of manufacturing firms to labour markets

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Martín Barroso, David and Núñez Serrano, Juan Andrés and Velázquez Angona, Francisco Javier (2017) Firm heterogeneity and the accessibility of manufacturing firms to labour markets. Journal of Transport Geography, 60 . pp. 243-256. ISSN 0966-6923

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2017.03.008



Abstract

In this paper, we propose a measure of geographic accessibility of firms to labour markets. This measure is computed from the microeconomic perspective, avoiding ex ante imposition of administrative boundaries and including the individual characteristics of firms and workers along with the geographical environment and the urban structure of territories through the estimation of particular impedance functions. Computation is done using microdata on more than 60,000 Spanish manufacturing firms and over a million workers' commutes across the full road transport infrastructure network (urban and intercity). We estimate impedance functions that incorporate the specific characteristics of firms and workers. Results show notable accessibility differences across firms due not just to their geographic location but also to their intrinsic industry characteristics and the strategies that they follow.


Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Accessibility; Transport infrastructures; Impedance functions; Labour market.
Subjects:Social sciences > Economics > Public economy
Social sciences > Economics > Regional economics
JEL:R12, R53
ID Code:57213
Deposited On:03 Oct 2019 12:39
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 15:10

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