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Effects on varietal aromas during wine making: a review of the impact of varietal aromas on the flavor of wine

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Ruiz Ruiz, Javier and Kiene, Florian and Belda, Ignacio and Fracassetti, Daniela and Marquina Díaz, Domingo and Navascués, Eva and Calderón, Fernando and Benito, Angel and Rauhut, Doris and Santos, Antonio and Benito, Santiago (2019) Effects on varietal aromas during wine making: a review of the impact of varietal aromas on the flavor of wine. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, 103 (18). pp. 7425-7450. ISSN 0175-7598, ESSN: 1432-0614

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Official URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00253-019-10008-9



Abstract

Although there are many chemical compounds present in wines, only a few of these compounds contribute to the sensory perception of wine flavor. This review focuses on the knowledge regarding varietal aroma compounds, which are among the compounds that are the greatest contributors to the overall aroma. These aroma compounds are found in grapes in the form of nonodorant precursors that, due to the metabolic activity of yeasts during fermentation, are transformed to aromas that are of great relevance in the sensory perception of wines. Due to the multiple interactions of varietal aromas with other types of aromas and other nonodorant components of the complex wine matrix, knowledge regarding the varietal aroma composition alone cannot adequately explain the contribution of these compounds to the overall wine flavor. These interactions and the associated effects on aroma volatility are currently being investigated. This review also provides an overview of recent developments in analytical techniques for varietal aroma identification, including methods used to identify the precursor compounds of varietal aromas, which are the greatest contributors to the overall aroma after the aforementioned yeast-mediated odor release.


Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Wine; Aroma; Wine matrix; Thiols; Terpenes; Esters; Higher alcohols
Subjects:Medical sciences > Biology > Microbiology
ID Code:57277
Deposited On:08 Oct 2019 11:39
Last Modified:09 Oct 2019 07:41

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