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The Sima de los Huesos Crania: Analysis of the cranial breakage patterns

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Sala, Nohemi and Pantoja Pérez, Ana and Arsuaga, Juan Luis and Pablos, Adrián and Martínez, Ignacio (2016) The Sima de los Huesos Crania: Analysis of the cranial breakage patterns. Journal of archaeological science, 72 . pp. 25-43. ISSN 0305-4403

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Official URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/journal/journal-of-archaeological-science/vol/72




Abstract

Fracture pattern analysis implement the taphonomic information obtained and it help understanding the largest accumulation of human remains from the Middle Pleistocene known, the Sima de los Huesos (SH) sample. The SH hominin long bones exhibit a fracture pattern characterized especially by the dominance of transverse fractures of the long axis, complete circumferences and fracture edges with right angles and jagged surfaces. These properties are expected for post-depositional fractures and are compatible with collective burial assemblages. The very small proportion of fractures typical of biostratinomic stage could be due to a blunt force trauma produced by a free-all down the vertical 13 m shaft that constitutes the access to the SH chamber.


Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Taphonomy; Bone breakage; Atapuerca; Interpersonal violence
Subjects:Sciences > Geology > Paleontology
ID Code:57491
Deposited On:25 Oct 2019 14:42
Last Modified:28 Oct 2019 09:06

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