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Nanoparticles for Multimodal Antivascular Therapeutics: Dual Drug Release, Photothermal and Photodynamic Therapy.

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Paris, J.L. and Villaverde, Gonzalo and Gómez-Graña, Sergio and Vallet Regí, María (2019) Nanoparticles for Multimodal Antivascular Therapeutics: Dual Drug Release, Photothermal and Photodynamic Therapy. Acta Biomaterialia . ISSN 1742-7061 (In Press)

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Official URL: https://www.journals.elsevier.com/acta-biomaterialia


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Abstract

The poor delivery of nanoparticles to target cancer cells hinders their success in the clinical setting. In this work, an alternative target readily available for circulating nanoparticles has been selected to eliminate the need for nanoparticle penetration in the tissue: the tumor blood vessels. A tumor endothelium-targeted nanoparticle (employing an RGD-containing peptide) capable of co-delivering two anti-vascular drugs (one anti-angiogenic drug and one vascular disruption agent) is here presented. Furthermore, the nanodevice presents two additional anti-vascular capabilities upon activation by Near-Infrared light: provoking local hyperthermia (by gold nanorods in the system) and generating toxic reactive oxygen species (by the presence of a photosensitizer). RGD-targeting is shown to increase uptake by HUVEC cells, and while the nanoparticles are shown not to be toxic for these cells, upon Near-Infrared irradiation their almost complete killing is achieved. The combination of all four therapeutic modalities is then evaluated in an ex ovo fibrosarcoma xenograft model, which shows a significant reduction in the number of blood vessels irrigating the xenografts when the nanoparticles are present, as well as the destruction of the existing blood vessels upon irradiation. These results suggest that the combination of different anti-vascular therapeutic strategies in a single nanocarrier appears promising and should be further explored in the future.


Item Type:Article
Additional Information:

RESEARCHER ID D-9318-2017 (Juan Luis Paris de la Fuente)
ORCID 0000-0001-8950-283X (Juan Luis Paris de la Fuente)
RESEARCHER ID L-2250-2014 (Gonzalo Villaverde Cantizano)
ORCID 0000-0003-2065-0417 (Gonzalo Villaverde Cantizano)
RESEARCHER ID G-7562-2016 (Sergio Gómez Graña)
ORCID 0000-0002-7736-051X (Sergio Gómez Graña)
RESEARCHER ID M-3378-2014 (María Vallet Regí)
ORCID 0000-0002-6104-4889 (María Vallet Regí)

Uncontrolled Keywords:Nanomedicine, Mesoporous Silica Nanoparticles, Anti Vascular, Photothermal therapy, Photodynamic therapy.
Subjects:Sciences > Chemistry > Materials
Medical sciences > Pharmacy > Inorganic chemistry
ID Code:57826
Deposited On:26 Nov 2019 09:20
Last Modified:26 Nov 2019 13:07

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