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The hydrocarbon source rocks of the Pliensbachian (Early Jurassic) in the Asturian Basin (northern Spain): Their relationship with the palaeoclimatic oscillations and gamma-ray response

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Gómez, Juan José and Comas-Rengifo, María José and Goy, Antonio (2016) The hydrocarbon source rocks of the Pliensbachian (Early Jurassic) in the Asturian Basin (northern Spain): Their relationship with the palaeoclimatic oscillations and gamma-ray response. Journal of Iberian Geolog, 42 (3). pp. 259-273. ISSN Issn (printed version):1698-6180 ; Issn (printed version, vols. 1-30):0378-102X ; Issn(on line):1886-7995

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Official URL: https://revistas.ucm.es/index.php/JIGE/issue/view/3048




Abstract

Deposition of black shale facies, one of the main contributors for hydrocarbon production, is commonly assumed to be linked to Oceanic Anoxic Events (OAEs), which are supposed to be generated during warm palaeoclimates. This assumption could bias the exploration for hydrocarbon source rocks preferentially towards sediments deposited under warm palaeonvironments, as a preferential guide for hydrocarbon exploration. As a consequence, the establishment of the links between palaeotemperature and the formation of organic-rich deposits is of primary importance. For this purpose, the Upper Sinemurian, Pliensbachian and Lower Toarcian (Lower Jurassic) deposits of the Asturian Basin in northern Spain, including more than 100 m thick succession containing organic-rich and black shale deposits, have been studied. Correlation between palaeoclimatic data, previously obtained from oxygen isotopes, and the TOC content reveals that black shales and organic-rich sediments were deposited not only during warming intervals but also during a prominent cooling event that occurred at the Late Pliensbachian. This cooling period has been pointed out as one of the main intervals to have developed ice caps in the poles during the Jurassic. On the contrary, no black shales were generated during the postulated Early Toarcian OAE, which coincides with a superwarming interval. Additionally, the study of the facies cycles and the measurement of gamma-ray in outcrops and its correlation with TOC content provides data on the use of natural radioactivity and sea level changes as a proxy for preliminary organic matter richness evaluation.


Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Organic-rich deposits; Climatic change; Oxygen isotopes; Carbon isotopes; Gamma ray; Sea level changes
Subjects:Sciences > Geology > Stratigraphic geology
ID Code:57949
Deposited On:28 Nov 2019 12:09
Last Modified:18 May 2020 12:47

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