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Design of virtual environments for the treatment of agoraphobia: Inclusion of culturally relevant elements for the population of the Dominican Republic

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García-Batista, Zoilo Emilio and Guerra-Peña, Kiero and Alsina-Jurnet, Ivan and Cano Vindel, Antonio and Herrera Martínez, Solmary Xiomara and Jiménez-Payano, Daniel and Moretti, Luciana Sofía and Medrano, Leonardo Adrián (2020) Design of virtual environments for the treatment of agoraphobia: Inclusion of culturally relevant elements for the population of the Dominican Republic. Computers in Human Behavior, 102 . pp. 97-102. ISSN 07475632

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2019.08.015



Abstract

Virtual Reality is a powerful tool for the treatment of agoraphobia. However, how effective is the use of these scenarios when they do not resemble the sociocultural context? Literature suggests that the inclusion of culturally relevant elements increases the ecological validity and transferability of learning since it reduces the gap between the virtual and real context. Unfortunately, in Latin America, the development of virtual environments is incipient, and the use of generic virtual environments is commonplace. The objective of this study was to develop virtual environments that include elements that are culturally relevant to the population of the Dominican Republic. Three hundred people with symptoms of agoraphobia were interviewed. Based on the information obtained, four scenarios were designed: house, elevator, park and public transport. In each scenario, the parameters that increase anxiety levels (for example, number of people) may be controlled and modified, allowing the development of exposure levels.


Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Virtual reality, Agoraphobia, Cognitive-behavioral therapy
Subjects:Medical sciences > Psychology > Psychotherapy
Medical sciences > Psychology > Ethnopsychology
ID Code:58380
Deposited On:10 Jan 2020 09:23
Last Modified:10 Jan 2020 09:23

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