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The effect of biomimetic mineralization of 3D-printed mesoporous bioglass scaffolds on physical properties and in vitro osteogenicity

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Gómez-Cerezo, Natividad and Lozano Borregón, Daniel and Arcos Navarrete, Daniel and Vallet Regí, María and Vaquette, Cedryck (2019) The effect of biomimetic mineralization of 3D-printed mesoporous bioglass scaffolds on physical properties and in vitro osteogenicity. Materials Science & Engineering C, 109 . ISSN 0928-4931

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Official URL: https://www.journals.elsevier.com/materials-science-and-engineering-c


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Abstract

Three-dimensional Mesoporous bioactive glasses (MBGs) scaffolds has been widely considered for bone regeneration purposes and additive manufacturing enables the fabrication of highly bioactive patient-specific constructs for bone defects. Commonly, this process is performed with the addition of polymeric binders that facilitate the printability of scaffolds. However, these additives cover the MBG particles resulting in the reduction of their osteogenic potential. The present work investigates a simple yet effective phosphate-buffered saline immersion method for achieving polyvinyl alcohol binder removal while enables the maintenance of the mesoporous structure of MBG 3D-printed scaffolds. This resulted in significantly modifying the surface of the scaffold via the spontaneous formation of a biomimetic mineralized layer which positively affected the physical and biological properties of the scaffold.
The extensive surface remodeling induced by the deposition of the apatite-like layer lead to a 3-fold increase in surface area, a 5-fold increase in the roughness, and 4-fold increase in the hardness of the PBS-immersed scaffolds when compared to the as-printed counterpart. The biomimetic mineralization also occurred throughout the bulk of the scaffold connecting the MBGs particles and was responsible for the maintenance of structural integrity. In vitro assays using MC3T3-E1 pre-osteoblast like cells demonstrated a significant upregulation of osteogenic-related genes for the scaffolds previously immersed in PBS when compared to the as-printed PVA-containing scaffolds. Although the pre-immersion scaffolds performed equally towards osteogenic cell differentiation, our data suggest that a short immersion in PBS of MBG scaffolds is beneficial for the osteogenic properties and might accelerate bone formation after implantation.


Item Type:Article
Additional Information:

RESEARCHER ID B-5081-2017 (Daniel Lozano Borregón)
ORCID 0000-0001-5902-9201 (Daniel Lozano Borregón)
RESEARCHER ID L-6167-2014 (Daniel Arcos Navarrete)
ORCID 0000-0002-5367-7272 (Daniel Arcos Navarrete)
RESEARCHER ID M-3378-2014 (María Vallet Regí)
ORCID 0000-0002-6104-4889 (María Vallet Regí)

Uncontrolled Keywords:Biomineralization, MBG, Scaffolds, Bone tissue engineering Osteogenesis
Subjects:Sciences > Chemistry > Materials
Medical sciences > Pharmacy > Inorganic chemistry
ID Code:58661
Deposited On:02 Mar 2020 11:30
Last Modified:02 Mar 2020 12:49

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