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Einstein-Cartan-Dirac gravity with U(1) symmetry breaking

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Cabral, Francisco and Lobo, Francisco S. N. and Rubiera Garcia, Diego (2019) Einstein-Cartan-Dirac gravity with U(1) symmetry breaking. European physical journal C, 79 (12). ISSN 1434-6044

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1140/epjc/s10052-019-7536-3


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Abstract

Einstein-Cartan theory is an extension of the standard formulation of General Relativity where torsion (the antisymmetric part of the affine connection) is non-vanishing. Just as the space-time metric is sourced by the stress-energy tensor of the matter fields, torsion is sourced via the spin density tensor, whose physical effects become relevant at very high spin densities. In this work we introduce an extension of the Einstein-Cartan-Dirac theory with an electromagnetic (Maxwell) contribution minimally coupled to torsion. This contribution breaks the U(1) gauge symmetry, which is suggested by the possibility of a torsion-induced phase transition in the early Universe, yielding new physics in extreme (spin) density regimes. We obtain the generalized gravitational, electromagnetic and fermionic field equations for this theory, estimate the strength of the corrections, and discuss the corresponding phenomenology. In particular, we briefly address some astrophysical considerations regarding the relevance of the effects which might take place inside ultra-dense neutron stars with strong magnetic fields (magnetars).


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© The Author(s) 2019
FC is funded by the Fundacao para a Ciencia e a Tecnologia (FCT, Portugal) predoctoralGrant no. PD/BD/128017/2016. DRG is funded by the Atraccion de Talento Investigador programme of the Comunidad deMadrid, no. 2018-T1/TIC-10431, and acknowledges support from the FCT research Grant PTDC/FIS-PAR/31938/2017, the projects FIS2014-57387-C3-1-P and FIS2017-84440-C2-1-P(MINECO/FEDER, EU), the project SEJI/2017/042 (Generalitat Valenciana), the Edital 006/2018 PRONEX (FAPESQ-PB/CNPQ, Brazil) and the EU COST Actions CA15117 and CA18108. FSNL acknowledges support from the Scientific Employment Stimulus contract with reference CEECIND/04057/2017. The authors also acknowledge funding from FCT projects nos. UID/FIS/04434/2019 and PTDC/FISOUT/29048/2017. Finally, the authors thank the anonymous referee for extremely helpful comments and suggestions.

Uncontrolled Keywords:Torsion; Matter; Phase; Field.
Subjects:Sciences > Physics > Physics-Mathematical models
Sciences > Physics > Mathematical physics
ID Code:58780
Deposited On:28 Feb 2020 17:55
Last Modified:02 Mar 2020 09:32

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