Universidad Complutense de Madrid
E-Prints Complutense

Long-term hydrological changes in northern Iberia (4.9–0.9 ky BP) from speleothem Mg/Ca ratios and cave monitoring (Ojo Guaren˜a Karst Complex, Spain)

Impacto

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year



Cruz, J. A. and Turrero, M. J. and Cáceres, J. O and Marín Roldán, Alicia and Ortega, A. I. and Garralón, A. and Sánchez, L. and Gómez, P. and Muñoz García, M. B and Edwards, R. L. and Martín Chivelet, Javier (2015) Long-term hydrological changes in northern Iberia (4.9–0.9 ky BP) from speleothem Mg/Ca ratios and cave monitoring (Ojo Guaren˜a Karst Complex, Spain). Environmental Earth Sciences, 74 (12). pp. 7741-7753. ISSN Issn: 1866-6280 ; online Issn: 1866-6299

[img] PDF
Restringido a Repository staff only

4MB

Official URL: https://link.springer.com/journal/volumesAndIssues/12665


URLURL Type
https://link.springer.comPublisher


Abstract

An absolute-dated stalagmite from Kaite Cave (Ojo Guaren ̃ a Karst Complex, N Spain) provides a nearly continuous, high-resolution record of a proxy of regional precipitation patterns through the 4.9–0.9 ka BP interval. This record is based on the Mg/Ca ratio of the calcite and its variation through the stalagmite stratigraphy, which is interpreted to be primarily driven by changes in precipi- tation amount. The calibration of the proxy is supported by the present-day monitoring carried out in the cave for the last 10 years, which reveals a robust inverse relationship between the inter-annual/inter-decadal variability of rain- fall and the Mg concentration of dripwaters and precipi- tating speleothems. The record of paleoprecipitation, based on 2400 Mg/Ca measurements, shows strong variability at inter-annual to inter-decadal scales, and more subtle but significant changes at secular to millennial scales. This long-term paleohydrological evolution outlines five suc- cessive intervals with consistent trends, which are bounded by abrupt shifts in the regional precipitation. These shifts took place at 4.65, 4.2, 2.6, and 1.3 ka BP. Significantly, the intervals of maximum precipitation of the whole record (around 4.9–4.65, 2.6–2.45, and 1.3–1.1 ka BP) can be related with episodes of minimum solar activity and cor- related with cold climatic events elsewhere.


Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Speleothem; Karst; Paleohydrology; Mg/Ca; Late Holocene; Iberia
Subjects:Sciences > Geology > Stratigraphic geology
ID Code:59247
Deposited On:24 Feb 2020 12:58
Last Modified:24 Feb 2020 15:25

Origin of downloads

Repository Staff Only: item control page