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New data (U–Pb, K–Ar) on the geochronology of the alkaline-carbonatitic association of Fuerteventura, Canary Islands, Spain

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Muñoz García, Mercedes and Sagredo Ruiz, Juana and Ignacio San José, Cristina de and Fernández Suárez, Javier and Jeffries, Teresa E. (2005) New data (U–Pb, K–Ar) on the geochronology of the alkaline-carbonatitic association of Fuerteventura, Canary Islands, Spain. Lithos, 85 . pp. 140-153. ISSN 0024-4937

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Abstract

Zircons from a nepheline-syenite of the Fuerteventura Basal Complex were dated by Laser Ablation Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS). The age obtained from a total of 21 U–Th–Pb analyses is 25.4F0.3 Ma (2r) indicating a late Oligocene–early Miocene crystallization. This age is consistent with new K–Ar ages on nepheline-syenites and pyroxenites, and contradicts previously published 39Ar–40Ar (feldspar) ages that were interpreted to represent a late Cretaceous–early Paleocene, pyroxenitic–syenitic magmatic episode. These new geochronological data are consistent with both field observations and most of the previously published ages on alkaline silicate rocks and associated carbonatites of Fuerteventura. Therefore, they strongly support the existence of a single, late Oligocene–early Miocene event of alkaline–carbonatitic magmatism in the Basal Complex of Fuerteventura, taking place at approximately 25 Ma and comprising: alkaline-pyroxenites, melteigites-ijolites, nepheline-syenites and carbonatites, as well as their volcanic equivalents and associated dykes. These new data provide an estimate for the length of time that it took the island to grow, thus eliminating one of the major problems in explaining its development by a hot-spot model.


Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Canary Islands; Fuerteventura; Syenite; LA-ICP-MS; Zircon
Subjects:Sciences > Geology > Geochemistry
Sciences > Geology > Petrology
ID Code:59316
Deposited On:02 Mar 2020 12:22
Last Modified:02 Mar 2020 12:22

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