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Assessment of the mobility of metals in a mining-impacted coastal area (Spain, Western Mediterranean)

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Martínez Sánchez, Maria José and Navarro, M. C. and Pérez Sirvent, Carmen and Marimón, J. and Vidal, JU. and García Lorenzo, Mari Luz and Bech, Jaume (2008) Assessment of the mobility of metals in a mining-impacted coastal area (Spain, Western Mediterranean). Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 96 . pp. 171-182. ISSN 0375-6742

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Official URL: https://www.journals.elsevier.com/journal-of-geochemical-exploration



Abstract

A study on metal mobilisation (Zn, Pb and As) from contaminated sediments in Portman Bay (SE Spain) was carried out. Thisarea has suffered a major impact from mining activity, as millions of tons of mine tailings have been dumped into the bay over a long period, gradually filling the bay. A three-step sequential extraction procedure, modified from the BCR (Community Bureau of Reference) method, as well as selective extractions (H2O, 0.1 N HNO3, citrate–dithionite and 1 M NH4OAc after H2O2 attack) were applied to selected samples in order to evaluate the potential mobility of fixed metals. Acid volatile sulfides (AVS) and simultaneously extracted metals (SEM) were also determined. X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy coupled to with an energy-dispersion spectrometry (SEM-EDS) were applied to the characterization of both raw samples and the residues remaining after each extraction, providing additional information about the sediment phases carrying the metals studied. Metals associated with sediments showed different behaviour depending on the mineralogical phase they were bound to. Zn was the most labile metal, while Pb and As showed a lower mobility. The fraction of metals associated with jarosites presented a high stability under different physicochemical conditions, while metals associated with mineralogical phases that are undergoing supergenic alteration processes presented a high mobility. The results obtained may be useful to assess both the short and the long-term environmental impact of such disposal activities as well as supporting decisions for a future remediation of the zone.


Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Contaminated sediments; Metal mobility; BCR sequential extraction procedure; Acid volatile sulfides (AVS)
Subjects:Sciences > Geology > Soil science
Sciences > Geology > Mineralogy
ID Code:59332
Deposited On:03 Mar 2020 07:48
Last Modified:03 Mar 2020 07:48

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