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Interfacial Free Energy and Tolman Length of Curved Liquid-Solid Interfaces from Equilibrium Studies

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Montero de Hijes, Pablo and Espinosa, Jorge R. and Bianco, Valentino and Sanz García, Eduardo and Vega de las Heras, Carlos (2020) Interfacial Free Energy and Tolman Length of Curved Liquid-Solid Interfaces from Equilibrium Studies. Journal of Physical Chemitry C . ISSN 1932-7447 (In Press)

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Official URL: https://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/acs.jpcc.0c00816



Abstract

In this work, we study by means of simulations of hard spheres the equilibrium between a spherical solid cluster and the fluid. In the NVT ensemble we observe stable/metastable clusters of the solid phase in equilibrium with the fluid, representing configurations that are global/local minima of the Helmholtz free energy. Then, we run NpT simulations of the equilibrated system at the average pressure of the NVT run and observe that the clusters are critical because they grow/shrink with a probability of 1/2.
Therefore, a crystal cluster equilibrated in the NVT ensemble corresponds to a Gibbs free energy máximum where the nucleus is in unstable equilibrium with the surrounding fluid, in accordance with what has been recently shown for vapor bubbles in equilibrium with the liquid. Then, within the Seeding framework, we use Classical Nucleation Theory to obtain both the interfacial free energy γ and the nucleation rate. The latter is in very good agreement with independent estimates using techniques that do not rely on Classical Nucleation Theory when the mislabeling criterion is used to identify the molecules of the solid cluster. We therefore argue that the radius obtained from the mislabeling criterion provides a good approximation for the radius of tension, R_s . We obtain an estimate of the Tolman length by extrapolating the difference between R e (the Gibbs dividing surface) and R s to infinite radius. We show that such definition of the Tolman length coincides with that obtained by fitting γ versus 1/R_s to a straight line as recently applied to hard spheres.


Item Type:Article
Subjects:Sciences > Physics
Sciences > Physics > Chemistry, Physical and theoretical
Sciences > Physics > Surfaces (Physics)
Sciences > Physics > Thermodynamics
Sciences > Chemistry
Sciences > Chemistry > Computer science
ID Code:60002
Deposited On:24 Apr 2020 08:01
Last Modified:24 Apr 2020 08:09

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