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Improved antifouling performance of polyester thin film nanofiber composite membranes prepared by interfacial polymerization

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Arribas, P. and García Payo, María del Carmen and Khayet Souhaimi, Mohamed and Gil, L. (2020) Improved antifouling performance of polyester thin film nanofiber composite membranes prepared by interfacial polymerization. Journal of membrane science, 598 . ISSN 0376-7388

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.memsci.2019.117774


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Abstract

Membrane technology is becoming increasingly important to solve the global water scarcity problem because it allows an efficient, economic and environmental friendly treatment of water. However, the long-term use of a filtration membrane is limited by fouling, which reduces water production rates and increases energy consumption. In this paper, polyester thin film nanofiber composite (PE TFNC) membranes with improved antifouling performance were developed for wastewater treatment. The membranes were prepared by interfacial polymerization (IP) of bisphenol A (BPA) and trimesoyl chloride (TMC) on the surface of polysulfone electrospun nanofiber membranes (PSU ENMs). The antifouling properties of the membranes were improved by varying the polymerization reaction time. All membranes were characterized with scanning electron microscope (SEM), attenuated total reflectance-fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (ATR-FTIR), porometry and zeta potential measurements. Humic acid (HA) permeation tests were carried out to relate their physicochemical properties to their filtration and antifouling performance. The best PE TFNC membrane (polymerized for 15 min) was compared with polyester based thin film composite membranes prepared on other supports and polyamide based thin film composite membranes formed by IP of piperazine (PIP) and TMC in the presence of trimethylamine (TEA). The best PE TFNC membrane exhibited a permeability of 213.0 L/m(2)h.bar, two orders of magnitude greater than previously reported PE thin film composite membranes, a HA separation factor of 72.5% and an irreversible fouling factor of 10.2%.


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© 2019 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. The authors gratefully acknowledge the financial support of the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness through its project CTM2015-65348-C2-2-R and the Spanish Ministry of Science, Innovation and Universities through its project RTI2018-096042-B-C22. The authors thank José Emilio Fernández Rubio PhD, Center of Infrared and Correlation Spectroscopy, for his valuable comments on FTIR spectra analysis. P. Arribas also thanks the Campus of International Excellence, Moncloa Campus (UCM-UPM), for the PhD grant.

Uncontrolled Keywords:Nanofiltration membrane; Trimesoyl chloride; Separation performance; Physiochemical properties; Hyperbranched polyester; Coating layer; Polyamide ro; Chemistry; Flux; Fabrication
Subjects:Sciences > Physics > Thermodynamics
ID Code:60175
Deposited On:04 May 2020 10:39
Last Modified:12 May 2020 08:09

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