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Control of the length of Fe73.5Si13.5Nb3CU1B9 microwires to be used for magnetic and microwave absorbing purposes

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Birame Gueye, Papa Gorgui and López Sánchez, Jesús and Navarro Palma, Elena and Serrano, Aída and Marín Palacios, María Pilar (2020) Control of the length of Fe73.5Si13.5Nb3CU1B9 microwires to be used for magnetic and microwave absorbing purposes. Acs applied materials & interfaces, 12 (13). pp. 15644-15656. ISSN 1944-8244

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1021/acsami.9b21865


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Abstract

A combination of high-energy ball milling, vacuum filtering, and sedimentation processes has been demonstrated to be a useful approach to reduce, in a controlled way, the length of as-cast Fe_(73.5)Si_(13.5)Nb_3Cu_1B_9 amorphous magnetic microwires (MWs) and annealed material at 550 degrees C in nitrogen conditions. Homogeneous compositional microstructures with fairly narrow size distributions between 1300 and 11.7 mu m are achieved, exhibiting tunable response as a soft magnetic material and as a microwave absorber. From the magnetic perspective, the soft magnetic character is increased with smaller length of the MWs, whereas the remanence has the opposite behavior mainly due to the structural defects and the loss of the shape anisotropy. From the microwave absorption perspective, a novel potential applicability is tested in these refined microstructures. This innovation consists of coatings based on commercial paints with a filling percentage of 0.55% of MWs with different lengths deposited on metallic sheets. Large attenuation values around -40 dB are obtained in narrow spectral windows located in the GHz range, and their position can be varied by combining different optimized lengths of MW. As an example of this powerful mechanism for absorbing microwaves at specific frequencies, MW lengths of 2 mm and 50 mu m are chosen, where precise tailoring of the minimum reflection loss (R_L)is obtained in a range between 8.85 and 13.25 GHz. To confirm these experimental results, an effective medium standard model proposed for electrical permittivity is used. Experimental and theoretical results are consistent and these novel composites are also proposed as a feasible candidate for designing frequency-selective microwave absorbers on demand, with low filling percentages and high absorption intensity values.


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©2020 American Chemical Society
The authors acknowledge the financial support from the Spanish Ministry of Science, Innovation and Universities under the projects RTI2018-095856-B-C21, MAT2017-86540-C4-1R, and RTI2018-095303-A-C52 and from Comunidad de Madrid NANOFRONTMAG S2013/MIT-2850 and NANOMAGCOST S2018/NMT-4321. A.S. acknowledges the financial support from the Comunidad de Madrid for an "Atracción de Talento Investigador" contract (no. 2017-t2/IND5395).

Uncontrolled Keywords:Absorption; Composite; Nanocrystallization; Epsilon-Fe2o3; Performance; Relaxation; Behavior; Microwave absorbing composites; Tunable magnetic properties; Multifunctional microwires; Ball milling; Filtering/sedimentation optimization processes; FeSiNbCuB microwires
Subjects:Sciences > Physics > Materials
Sciences > Physics > Solid state physics
ID Code:60449
Deposited On:13 May 2020 16:46
Last Modified:13 May 2020 16:46

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