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Enabling selective absorption in perovskite solar cells for refractometric sensing of gases

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Elshorbagy, Mahmoud Hamdy Mohamed and Cuadrado Conde, Alexander and Romero Martínez, Beatriz and Alda, Javier (2020) Enabling selective absorption in perovskite solar cells for refractometric sensing of gases. Scientific reports, 10 (7761). 11 p.. ISSN 2045-2322

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-63570-y




Abstract

Perovskite solar cells are currently considered a promising technology for solar energy harvesting. Their capability to deliver an electrical signal when illuminated can sense changes in environmental parameters. We have numerically analyzed the variation of the current delivered by a perovskite cell as a function of the index of refraction of air, that is in contact with the front surface of the cell. This calculation identifies which geometrical and material structures enhance this behavior. After replacing the top transparent electrode of a solar cell by an optimized subwavelength metallic grating, we find a large variation in the responsivity of the cell with respect to the change in the index of refraction of the surrounding medium. Such a refractometric sensor can be interrogated electronically, avoiding the cumbersome set-ups of spectral or angular interrogation methods. We present an adaptation of the performance parameters of refractometric sensors (sensitivity and figure of merit) to the case of opto-electronic interrogation methods. The values of sensitivity and Figure of Merit are promising for the development of refractometric perovskite-based sensors.


Item Type:Article
Additional Information:

Received: 13 February 2019; Accepted: 30 March 2020, Published: 08 May 2020

Uncontrolled Keywords:Applied optics; Nanophotocis and plasmonics; Optical sensors; Optical techniques; Solar energy and photovoltaic technology
Subjects:Sciences > Physics > Electricity
Medical sciences > Optics > Optical materials
Medical sciences > Optics > Physical optics
ID Code:60468
Deposited On:13 May 2020 08:21
Last Modified:13 May 2020 10:12

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