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Change in landscape and ecosystems services as the basis of monitoring natural protected areas: a case study in the Picos de Europa National Park (Spain)

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López de Pablo, Carlos Tomás and Peñalver Alcázar, Miguel and Martín de Agar, Pilar (2020) Change in landscape and ecosystems services as the basis of monitoring natural protected areas: a case study in the Picos de Europa National Park (Spain). Environmental monitoring and assessment, 192 (4). pp. 1-22. ISSN 0167-6369, ESSN: 1573-2959

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Official URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10661-020-8132-6



Abstract

Services provided by protected areas (PAs) are based on their natural heritage, as stated in the conservation objectives, and many depend on their landscape, the spatial pattern of land cover patches. We study changes in the service provision of a PA based on its landscape changes. As services are defined according to the conservation objectives of the PA, this can be used in monitoring the PA conservation status. Using easily accessible historical land cover maps, landscape changes over time are identified and assessed according to changes in services provision, based on the PA conservation objectives. The PA under study is one of the oldest in Europe. Almost 80 years after its initial declaration, it was increased by incorporating surrounding areas. This helps to understand to what extent the oldest PA has conserved its environmental heritage, compared with what happened in the area most recently protected and not subjected to previous conservation regime. As expected in an area managed for conservation, changes in services in the older PA are small. But changes in the recently included area are also small and very similar to those ones. As change in ecosystem services are based on landscape changes, they do not relate only to the increase or decrease in the spatial distribution of single land covers but also on their joint spatial arrangement. This allows us to assess trade-offs among services provided by different land covers implied in landscape changes.


Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Natural heritage conservation; Picos de Europa National Park (Spain); Environmental management; Landscape services; Landscape based monitoring; Heritage based services; Strategic monitoring
Subjects:Medical sciences > Biology > Ecology
Medical sciences > Biology > Environment
ID Code:60752
Deposited On:03 Jun 2020 08:00
Last Modified:03 Jun 2020 08:00

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