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New macaque remains from the Middle Pleistocene of Gruta da Aroeira (Almonda karst system, Portugal)

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Alba, David M. and Daura, Joan and Sanz, Montserrat and Santos, Elena and Yagüe, Almudena S. and Delson, Eric and Zilhão, João (2019) New macaque remains from the Middle Pleistocene of Gruta da Aroeira (Almonda karst system, Portugal). Journal of Human Evolution, 131 . pp. 40-47. ISSN 0047-2484, ESSN: 1095-8606

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Official URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0047248418303695?via%3Dihub#!



Abstract

The Middle Pleistocene site of Gruta da Aroeira, in the Almonda karst system (Torres Novas, central Portugal; Supplementary Online Material [SOM] Fig. S1), has yielded a rich Acheulean lithic assemblage alongside a human cranium and associated faunal remains (Trinkaus et al., 2003, Daura et al., 2017, Conde-Valverde et al., 2018). The recovery of macaques in the 1997–2002 phase of the excavations is mentioned in the literature (Marks et al., 2002a, Marks et al., 2002b, Trinkaus et al., 2003, Brugal, 2004, Marigó et al., 2014); the specimens were assigned to Macaca sylvanus ?florentina (Cocchi, 1872), although the material remains undescribed. Here we describe a juvenile macaque mandible (ARO17-J8-Xa-934, hereinafter ARO 934) recovered in 2017 from a level that is correlated to Marine Isotope Stage 11 and radiometrically dated to 436–390 ka (Daura et al., 2017; see SOM S1 and SOM Fig. S1). We compare it with other fossil papionins from Europe to provide a taxonomic assignment.


Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Macaca, Mandible, Cercopithecoidea, Cercopithecidae, Papionini
Subjects:Sciences > Geology > Paleontology
ID Code:61042
Deposited On:22 Jun 2020 10:55
Last Modified:22 Jun 2020 15:30

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