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Early Spanish meteorological records (1780-1850)



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Domínguez Castro, F. and Vaquero, J.M. and Rodrigo, F.S. and Farrona, A.M.M. and Gallego, M.C. and García Herrera, Ricardo and Barriendos, M. and Sánchez Lorenzo, A. (2014) Early Spanish meteorological records (1780-1850). International journal of climatology, 34 (3). pp. 593-603. ISSN 0899-8418


Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/joc.3709


This article summarizes recent efforts on early instrumental data recovery in Spain conducted under the Salvà-Sinobas project. We have retrieved and digitized more than 100 000 meteorological observations prior to 1850 in Spain. This data set contains measurements of air temperature, atmospheric pressure, wind direction and state of the atmosphere in 16 places located in Iberia and the Balearic Islands. Most of the observations are made on a daily basis. However, monthly and annual information has also been retrieved. The time coverage of the series is not homogeneous, with the earliest records starting in Seville in 1780. Prior to this work only two series were available in Spain (i.e. Cádiz and Barcelona), so this data set represents a great advance in the early data availability for Spain. Due to the lack of metadata in most of the series, their interpretation must be made with caution.

Item Type:Article
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© 2013 Royal Meteorological Society. This work has been financed by the Ministry of the Environment, Rural and Maritime Affairs of Spain ‘Salvà‐Sinobas project: Climatic Variability Characterization in the Iberian Peninsula during the Period 1750–1850’ (ref. 200800050083542) and the Spanish Science and Innovation Ministry (AYA2011‐25945). The last author was supported by a postdoctoral fellowship from the ‘Generalitat de Catalunya i del programa Cofund de les Accions Marie Curie del 7è Programa marc d'R+D de la Unió Europea’ (2011 BP‐B 00078). We would like to thanks all the staff of the archives and libraries cited in the text, whose help made this work possible. We would also like to thank the two anonymous reviewers for their positive and constructive comments

Uncontrolled Keywords:Gibraltar climatic record; 1783-1784 Laki eruption; Instrumental period; Pressure series; Rainfall series; Reconstruction; Temperature; Cadiz; 18th-century; Variability
Subjects:Sciences > Physics > Atmospheric physics
ID Code:61642
Deposited On:28 Jul 2020 11:48
Last Modified:28 Jul 2020 12:12

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