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Spatial regression analysis of NO_(x) and O_(3) concentrations in Madrid urban area using Radial Basis Function networks

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Salcedo Sanz, S. and Portilla Figueras, J.A. and Ortiz Garcíaq, E.G. and Pérez Bellido, A.M. and García Herrera, Ricardo and Elorrieta, J.I. (2009) Spatial regression analysis of NO_(x) and O_(3) concentrations in Madrid urban area using Radial Basis Function networks. Chemometrics and intelligent laboratory sistems, 99 (1). pp. 79-90. ISSN 0169-7439

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemolab.2009.07.012


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Abstract

This paper discusses the performance of Radial Basis Function networks (RBF) in a problem of spatial regression of pollutants in Madrid. Specifically, the spatial regression of NO_(x) and O_(3) is considered, in such a way that, starting from a set of measuring points provided by the air quality monitoring network of Madrid, the complete surface of the pollutants in the city is obtained. This pollutant surface can be used as an initial step for modeling intra-urban pollution using land-use regression techniques for example. Also, different works has used a pollutant surface to study the patterns of pollution in different cities in the world and also to establish their air monitoring networks under mathematical criteria. The paper is focussed in analyzing the performance of RBF networks to obtain this first pollutant surface, so different RBF training algorithms are tested in this paper. Specifically, evolutionary-based RBF training algorithms are described, and compared with classical training algorithms for RBF networks with Gaussian kernels. The inclusion of meteorological variables in the RBF networks are also discussed in the paper. The experimental part of the article studies real results of the application of RBF networks to obtain a first pollutant surface of NO_(x) and O_(3), using the data of the air pollution monitoring network of Madrid and the meteorological network of the city.


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© 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. The authors would like to thank the Air Quality Area of Madrid City Council for their support in this investigation. This work has been partially supported by Comunidad de Madrid, Universidad de Alcalá, through Project CCG07-UAH/AMB-3993. E. G. Ortiz-García is supported by Universidad de Alcalá through a FPI grant. Á. M. PérezBellido is supported by a doctoral fellowship by the European Social Fund and Junta de Comunidades de Castilla la Mancha, in the frame of the Operating Programme ESF 2007–2013.

Uncontrolled Keywords:Land-use regression; Pollution monitoring network; Fine particulate matter; RBF neural-networks; Ozone concentration; Prediction; Optimization; Algorithm; Emissions; Episodes
Subjects:Sciences > Physics > Atmospheric physics
ID Code:61761
Deposited On:02 Sep 2020 12:01
Last Modified:03 Sep 2020 06:38

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